Verdrag inzake conventionele strijdkrachten in Europa, Parijs, 19-11-1990

Geraadpleegd op 03-12-2022.
Geldend van 06-07-1993 t/m heden

Verdrag inzake conventionele strijdkrachten in Europa

Authentiek : EN

Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

The Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Belarus, the Kingdom of Belgium, the Republic of Bulgaria, Canada, the Czech Republic, the Kingdom of Denmark, the French Republic, the Republic of Georgia, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Hellenic Republic, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Iceland, the Italian Republic, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Republic of Moldova, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Kingdom of Norway, the Republic of Poland, the Portuguese Republic, Romania, the Russian Federation, the Slovak Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the Republic of Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America, hereinafter referred to as the States Parties,

Guided by the Mandate for Negotiation on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe of January 10, 1989,

Guided by the objectives and the purposes of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, within the framework of which the negotiation of this Treaty was conducted in Vienna beginning on March 9, 1989,

Recalling their obligation to refrain in their mutual relations, as well as in their international relations in general, from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,

Conscious of the need to prevent any military conflict in Europe,

Conscious of the common responsibility which they all have for seeking to achieve greater stability and security in Europe,

Striving to replace military confrontation with a new pattern of security relations among all the States Parties based on peaceful cooperation and thereby to contribute to overcoming the division of Europe,

Committed to the objectives of establishing a secure and stable balance of conventional armed forces in Europe at lower levels than heretofore, of eliminating disparities prejudicial to stability and security and of eliminating, as a matter of high priority, the capability for launching surprise attack and for initiating large-scale offensive action in Europe,

Recalling that they signed or acceded to the Treaty of Brussels of 1948, the Treaty of Washington of 1949 or the Treaty of Warsaw of 1955 1and that they have the right to be or not to be a party to treaties of alliance,

Committed to the objective of ensuring that the numbers of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty within the area of application of this Treaty do not exceed 40,000 battle tanks, 60,000 armoured combat vehicles, 40,000 pieces of artillery, 13,600 combat aircraft and 4,000 attack helicopters,

Affirming that this Treaty is not intended to affect adversely the security interests of any State,

Affirming their commitment to continue the conventional arms control process including negotiations, taking into account future requirements for European stability and security in the light of political developments in Europe,

Have agreed as follows:

Article I

  • 1 Each State Party shall carry out the obligations set forth in this Treaty in accordance with its provisions, including those obligations relating to the following five categories of conventional armed forces: battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and combat helicopters.

  • 2 Each State Party also shall carry out the other measures set forth in this Treaty designed to ensure security and stability both during the period of reduction of conventional armed forces and after the completion of reductions.

  • 3 This Treaty incorporates the Protocol on Existing Types of Conventional Armaments and Equipment, hereinafter referred to as the Protocol on Existing Types, with an Annex thereto; the Protocol on Procedures Governing the Reclassification of Specific Models or Versions of Combat-Capable Trainer Aircraft Into Unarmed Trainer Aircraft, hereinafter referred to as the Protocol on Aircraft Reclassification; the Protocol on Procedures Governing the Reduction of Conventional Armaments and Equipment Limited by the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, hereinafter referred to as the Protocol on Reduction; the Protocol on Procedures Governing the Categorisation of Combat Helicopters and the Recategorisation of Multi-Purpose Attack Helicopters, hereinafter referred to as the Protocol on Helicopter Recategorisation; the Protocol on Notification and Exchange of Information, hereinafter referred to as the Protocol on Information Exchange, with an Annex on the Format for the Exchange of Information, hereinafter referred to as the Annex on Format; the Protocol on Inspection; the Protocol on the Joint Consultative Group; and the Protocol on the Provisional Application of Certain Provisions of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, hereinafter referred to as the Protocol on Provisional Application. Each of these documents constitutes an integral part of this Treaty.

Article II

  • 1 For the purposes of this Treaty:

    • (A) The term "group of States Parties" means the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, the Republic of Georgia, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Republic of Moldova, the Republic of Poland, Romania, the Russian Federation, the Slovak Republic, and Ukraine,

      and

      the Kingdom of Belgium, Canada, the Kingdom of Denmark, the French Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Hellenic Republic, the Republic of Iceland, the Italian Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Kingdom of Norway, the Portuguese Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the Republic of Turkey, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America.

    • (B) The term "area of application" means the entire land territory of the States Parties in Europe from the Atlantic Ocean to the Ural Mountains, which includes all the European island territories of the States Parties, including the Faroe Islands of the Kingdom of Denmark, Svalbard including Bear Island of the Kingdom of Norway, the islands of Azores and Madeira of the Portuguese Republic, the Canary Islands of the Kingdom of Spain and Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya of the Russian Federation. In the case of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan, the area of application includes all territory lying west of the Ural River and the Caspian Sea.

    • (C) The term "battle tank" means a self-propelled armoured fighting vehicle, capable of heavy firepower, primarily of a high muzzle velocity direct fire main gun necessary to engage armoured and other targets, with high cross-country mobility, with a high level of self-protection, and which is not designed and equipped primarily to transport combat troops. Such armoured vehicles serve as the principal weapon system of ground-force tank and other armoured formations.

      Battle tanks are tracked armoured fighting vehicles which weigh at least 16.5 metric tonnes unladen weight and which are armed with a 360-degree traverse gun of at least 75 millimetres calibre. In addition, any wheeled armoured fighting vehicles entering into service which meet all the other criteria stated above shall also be deemed battle tanks.

    • (D) The term "armoured combat vehicle" means a self-propelled vehicle with armoured protection and cross-country capability. Armoured combat vehicles include armoured personnel carriers, armoured infantry fighting vehicles and heavy armament combat vehicles.

      The term "armoured personnel carrier" means an armoured combat vehicle which is designed and equipped to transport a combat infantry squad and which, as a rule, is armed with an integral or organic weapon of less than 20 millimetres calibre.

      The term "armoured infantry fighting vehicle" means an armoured combat vehicle which is designed and equipped primarily to transport a combat infantry squad, which normally provides the capability for the troops to deliver fire from inside the vehicle under armoured protection, and which is armed with an integral or organic cannon of at least 20 millimetres calibre and sometimes an antitank missile launcher. Armoured infantry fighting vehicles serve as the principal weapon system of armoured infantry or mechanised infantry or motorised infantry formations and units of ground forces.

      The term "heavy armament combat vehicle" means an armoured combat vehicle with an integral or organic direct fire gun of at least 75 millimetres calibre, weighing at least 6.0 metric tonnes unladen weight, which does not fall within the definitions of an armoured personnel carrier, or an armoured infantry fighting vehicle or a battle tank.

    • (E) The term "unladen weight" means the weight of a vehicle excluding the weight of ammunition; fuel, oil and lubricants; removable reactive armour; spare parts, tools and accessories; removable snorkelling equipment; and crew and their personal kit.

    • (F) The term "artillery" means large calibre systems capable of engaging ground targets by delivering primarily indirect fire. Such artillery systems provide the essential indirect fire support to combined arms formations.

      Large calibre artillery systems are guns, howitzers, artillery pieces combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers, mortars and multiple launch rocket systems with a calibre of 100 millimetres and above. In addition, any future large calibre direct fire system which has a secondary effective indirect fire capability shall be counted against the artillery ceilings.

    • (G) The term "stationed conventional armed forces" means conventional armed forces of a State Party that are stationed within the area of application on the territory of another State Party.

    • (H) The term "designated permanent storage site" means a place with a clearly defined physical boundary containing conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty, which are counted within overall ceilings but which are not subject to limitations on conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty in active units.

    • (I) The term "armoured vehicle launched bridge" means a selfpropelled armoured transporter-launcher vehicle capable of carrying and, through built-in mechanisms, of emplacing and retrieving a bridge structure. Such a vehicle with a bridge structure operates as an integrated system.

    • (J) The term "conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty" means battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and attack helicopters subject to the numerical limitations set forth in Articles IV, V and VI.

    • (K) The term "combat aircraft" means a fixed-wing or variablegeometry wing aircraft armed and equipped to engage targets by employing guided missiles, unguided rockets, bombs, guns, cannons, or other weapons of destruction, as well as any model or version of such an aircraft which performs other military functions such as reconnaissance or electronic warfare. The term "combat aircraft" does not include primary trainer aircraft.

    • (L) The term "combat helicopter" means a rotary wing aircraft armed and equipped to engage targets or equipped to perform other military functions. The term "combat helicopter" comprises attack helicopters and combat support helicopters. The term "combat helicopter" does not include unarmed transport helicopters.

    • (M) The term "attack helicopter" means a combat helicopter equipped to employ anti-armour, air-to-ground, or air-to-air guided weapons and equipped with an integrated fire control and aiming system for these weapons. The term "attack helicopter" comprises specialised attack helicopters and multi-purpose attack helicopters.

    • (N) The term "specialised attack helicopter" means an attack helicopter that is designed primarily to employ guided weapons.

    • (O) The term "multi-purpose attack helicopter" means an attack helicopter designed to perform multiple military functions and equipped to employ guided weapons.

    • (P) The term "combat support helicopter" means a combat helicopter which does not fulfill the requirements to qualify as an attack helicopter and which may be equipped with a variety of self-defence and area suppression weapons, such as guns, cannons and unguided rockets, bombs or cluster bombs, or which may be equipped to perform other military functions.

    • (Q) The term "conventional armaments and equipment subject to the Treaty" means battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft, primary trainer aircraft, unarmed trainer aircraft, combat helicopters, unarmed transport helicopters, armoured vehicle launched bridges, armoured personnel carrier look-alikes and armoured infantry fighting vehicle look-alikes subject to information exchange in accordance with the Protocol on Information Exchange.

    • (R) The term "in service," as it applies to conventional armed forces and conventional armaments and equipment, means battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft, primary trainer aircraft, unarmed trainer aircraft, combat helicopters, unarmed transport helicopters, armoured vehicle launched bridges, armoured personnel carrier look-alikes and armoured infantry fighting vehicle look-alikes that are within the area of application, except for those that are held by organisations designed and structured to perform in peacetime internal security functions or that meet any of the exceptions set forth in Article III.

    • (S) The terms "armoured personnel carrier look-alike" and "armoured infantry fighting vehicle look-alike" mean an armoured vehicle based on the same chassis as, and externally similar to, an armoured personnel carrier or armoured infantry fighting vehicle, respectively, which does not have a cannon or gun of 20 millimetres calibre or greater and which has been constructed or modified in such a way as not to permit the transportation of a combat infantry squad. Taking into account the provisions of the Geneva Convention "For the Amelioration of the Conditions of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field" of 12 August 1949 that confer a special status on ambulances, armoured personnel carrier ambulances shall not be deemed armoured combat vehicles or armoured personnel carrier look-alikes.

    • (T) The term "reduction site" means a clearly designated location where the reduction of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty in accordance with Article VIII takes place.

    • (U) The term "reduction liability" means the number in each category of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty that a State Party commits itself to reduce during the period of 40 months following the entry into force of this Treaty in order to ensure compliance with Article VII.

  • 2 Existing types of conventional armaments and equipment subject to the Treaty are listed in the Protocol on Existing Types. The lists of existing types shall be periodically updated in accordance with Article XVI, paragraph 2, subparagraph (D) and Section IV of the Protocol on Existing Types. Such updates to the existing types lists shall not be deemed amendments to this Treaty.

  • 3 The existing types of combat helicopters listed in the Protocol on Existing Types shall be categorised in accordance with Section I of the Protocol on Helicopter Recategorisation.

Article III

  • 1 For the purposes of this Treaty, the States Parties shall apply the following counting rules:

    All battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and attack helicopters, as defined in Article II, within the area of application shall be subject to the numerical limitations and other provisions set forth in Articles IV, V and VI, with the exception of those which in a manner consistent with a State Party's normal practices:

    • (A) are in the process of manufacture, including manufacturingrelated testing;

    • (B) are used exclusively for the purposes of research and development;

    • (C) belong to historical collections;

    • (D) are awaiting disposal, having been decommissioned from service in accordance with the provisions of Article IX;

    • (E) are awaiting, or are being refurbished for, export or re-export and are temporarily retained within the area of application. Such battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and attack helicopters shall be located elsewhere than at sites declared under the terms of Section V of the Protocol on Information Exchange or at no more than 10 such declared sites which shall have been notified in the previous year's annual information exchange. In the latter case, they shall be separately distinguishable from conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty;

    • (F) are, in the case of armoured personnel carriers, armoured infantry fighting vehicles, heavy armament combat vehicles or multipurpose attack helicopters, held by organisations designed and structured to perform in peacetime internal security functions; or

    • (G) are in transit through the area of application from a location outside the area of application to a final destination outside the area of application, and are in the area of application for no longer than a total of seven days.

  • 2 If, in respect of any such battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft or attack helicopters, the notification of which is required under Section IV of the Protocol on Information Exchange, a State Party notifies an unusually high number in more than two successive annual information exchanges, it shall explain the reasons in the Joint Consultative Group, if so requested.

Article IV

  • 1 Within the area of application, as defined in Article II, each State Party shall limit and, as necessary, reduce its battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and attack helicopters so that, 40 months after entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter, for the group of States Parties to which it belongs, as defined in Article II, the aggregate numbers do not exceed:

    • (A) 20,000 battle tanks, of which no more than 16,500 shall be in active units;

    • (B) 30,000 armoured combat vehicles, of which no more than 27,300 shall be in active units. Of the 30,000 armoured combat vehicles, no more than 18,000 shall be armoured infantry fighting vehicles and heavy armament combat vehicles; of armoured infantry fighting vehicles and heavy armament combat vehicles, no more than 1,500 shall be heavy armament combat vehicles;

    • (C) 20,000 pieces of artillery, of which no more than 17,000 shall be in active units;

    • (D) 6,800 combat aircraft; and

    • (E) 2,000 attack helicopters.

    Battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery not in active units shall be placed in designated permanent storage sites, as defined in Article II, and shall be located only in the area described in paragraph 2 of this Article. Such designated permanent storage sites may also be located in the Republic of Moldova, that part of Ukraine comprising the portion of the former Odessa Military District on its territory, and that part of the territory of the Russian Federation comprising the southern part of the Leningrad Military District. In the Odessa Military District, no more than 400 battle tanks and no more than 500 pieces of artillery may be thus stored. In the southern part of the Leningrad Military District, no more than 600 battle tanks, no more than 800 armoured combat vehicles, including no more than 300 armoured combat vehicles of any type with the remaining number consisting of armoured personnel carriers, and no more than 400 pieces of artillery may be thus stored. The southern part of the Leningrad Military District is understood to mean the territory within that military district south of the line East-West 60 degrees 15 minutes northern latitude.

  • 2 Within the area consisting of the entire land territory in Europe, which includes all the European island territories, of the Republic of Belarus, the Kingdom of Belgium, the Czech Republic, the Kingdom of Denmark, including the Faroe Islands, the French Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Hungary, the Italian Republic, that part of the area of the Republic of Kazakhstan within the area of application, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Republic of Poland, the Portuguese Republic including the islands of Azores and Madeira, that part of the Russian Federation comprising the portion of the former Baltic Military District on its territory, the Moscow Military District and the portion of the Volga-Ural Military District on its territory west of the Ural Mountains, the Slovak Republic, the Kingdom of Spain including the Canary Islands, that part of the territory of Ukraine comprising the former Carpathian and former Kiev Military Districts and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, each State Party shall limit and, as necessary, reduce its battle tanks, armored combat vehicles and artillery so that, 40 months after entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter, for the group of States Parties to which it belongs the aggregate numbers do not exceed:

    • (A) 15,300 battle tanks, of which no more than 11,800 shall be in active units;

    • (B) 24,100 armoured combat vehicles, of which no more than 21,400 shall be in active units; and

    • (C) 14,000 pieces of artillery, of which no more than 11,000 shall be in active units.

  • 3 Within the area consisting of the entire land territory in Europe, which includes all the European island territories, of the Republic of Belarus, the Kingdom of Belgium, the Czech Republic, the Kingdom of Denmark, including the Faroe Islands, the French Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Hungary, the Italian Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Republic of Poland, that part of the Russian Federation comprising the portion of the former Baltic Military District on its territory, the Slovak Republic, that part of the territory of Ukraine comprising the former Carpathian and former Kiev Military Districts and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, each State Party shall limit and, as necessary, reduce its battle tanks, armored combat vehicles and artillery so that, 40 months after entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter, for the group of States Parties to which it belongs the aggregate numbers in active units do not exceed:

    • (A) 10,300 battle tanks;

    • (B) 19,260 armoured combat vehicles; and

    • (C) 9,100 pieces of artillery; and

    • (D) in that part of Ukraine comprising the former Kiev Military District, the aggregate numbers in active units and designated permanent storage sites together shall not exceed:

      • (1) 2,250 battle tanks;

      • (2) 2,500 armoured combat vehicles; and

      • (3) 1,500 pieces of artillery.

  • 4 Within the area consisting of the entire land territory in Europe, which includes all the European island territories, of the Kingdom of Belgium, the Czech Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Hungary, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Republic of Poland and the Slovak Republic, each State Party shall limit and, as necessary, reduce its battle tanks, armored combat vehicles and artillery so that, 40 months after entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter, for the group of States Parties to which it belongs the aggregate numbers in active units do not exceed:

    • (A) 7,500 battle tanks;

    • (B) 11,250 armoured combat vehicles; and

    • (C) 5,000 pieces of artillery.

  • 5 States Parties belonging to the same group of States Parties may locate battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery in active units in each of the areas described in this Article and Article V, paragraph 1, subparagraph (A) up to the numerical limitations applying in that area, consistent with the maximum levels for holdings notified pursuant to Article VII and provided that no State Party stations conventional armed forces on the territory of another State Party without the agreement of that State Party.

  • 6 If a group of States Parties' aggregate numbers of battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery in active units within the area described in paragraph 4 of this Article are less than the numerical limitations set forth in paragraph 4 of this Article, and provided that no State Party is thereby prevented from reaching its maximum levels for holdings notified in accordance with Article VII, paragraphs 2, 3 and 5, then amounts equal to the difference between the aggregate numbers in each of the categories of battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery and the specified numerical limitations for that area may be located by States Parties belonging to that group of States Parties in the area described in paragraph 3 of this Article, consistent with the numerical limitations specified in paragraph 3 of this Article.

Article V

  • 1 To ensure that the security of each State Party is not affected adversely at any stage:

    • (A) within the area consisting of the entire land territory in Europe, which includes all the European island territories, of the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Bulgaria, the Republic of Georgia, the Hellenic Republic, the Republic of Iceland, the Republic of Moldova, the Kingdom of Norway, Romania, that part of the Russian Federation comprising the Leningrad and North Caucasus Military Districts, the part of the Republic of Turkey within the area of application and that part of Ukraine comprising the portion of the former Odessa Military District on its territory, each State Party shall limit and, as necessary, reduce its battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery so that, 40 months after entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter, for the group of States Parties to which it belongs the aggregate numbers in active units do not exceed the difference between the overall numerical limitations set forth in Article IV, paragraph 1 and those in Article IV, paragraph 2, that is:

      • (1) 4,700 battle tanks;

      • (2) 5,900 armoured combat vehicles; and

      • (3) 6,000 pieces of artillery;

    • (B) notwithstanding the numerical limitations set forth in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, a State Party or States Parties may on a temporary basis deploy into the territory belonging to the members of the same group of States Parties within the area described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph additional aggregate numbers in active units for each group of States Parties not to exceed:

      • (1) 459 battle tanks;

      • (2) 723 armoured combat vehicles; and

      • (3) 420 pieces of artillery; and

    • (C) provided that for each group of States Parties no more than one-third of each of these additional aggregate numbers shall be deployed to any State Party with territory within the area described in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, that is:

      • (1) 153 battle tanks;

      • (2) 241 armoured combat vehicles; and

      • (3) 140 pieces of artillery.

  • 2 Notification shall be provided to all other States Parties no later than at the start of the deployment by the State Party or States Parties conducting the deployment and by the recipient State Party or States Parties, specifying the total number in each category of battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery deployed. Notification also shall be provided to all other States Parties by the State Party or States Parties conducting the deployment and by the recipient State Party or States Parties within 30 days of the withdrawal of those battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery that were temporarily deployed.

Article VI

With the objective of ensuring that no single State Party possesses more than approximately one-third of the conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty within the area of application, each State Party shall limit and, as necessary, reduce its battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and attack helicopters so that, 40 months after entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter, the numbers within the area of application for that State Party do not exceed:

  • (A) 13,300 battle tanks;

  • (B) 20,000 armoured combat vehicles;

  • (C) 13,700 pieces of artillery;

  • (D) 5,150 combat aircraft; and

  • (E) 1,500 attack helicopters.

Article VII

  • 1 In order that the limitations set forth in Articles IV, V and VI are not exceeded, no State Party shall exceed, from 40 months after entry into force of this Treaty, the maximum levels which it has previously agreed upon within its group of States Parties, in accordance with paragraph 7 of this Article, for its holdings of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty and of which it has provided notification pursuant to the provisions of this Article.

  • 2 Each State Party shall provide at the signature of this Treaty notification to all other States Parties of the maximum levels for its holdings of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty. The notification of the maximum levels for holdings of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty provided by each State Party at the signature of this Treaty shall remain valid until the date specified in a subsequent notification pursuant to paragraph 3 of this Article.

  • 3 In accordance with the limitations set forth in Articles IV, V and VI, each State Party shall have the right to change the maximum levels for its holdings of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty. Any change in the maximum levels for holdings of a State Party shall be notified by that State Party to all other States Parties at least 90 days in advance of the date, specified in the notification, on which such a change takes effect. In order not to exceed any of the limitations set forth in Articles IV and V, any increase in the maximum levels for holdings of a State Party that would otherwise cause those limitations to be exceeded shall be preceded or accompanied by a corresponding reduction in the previously notified maximum levels for holdings of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty of one or more States Parties belonging to the same group of States Parties. The notification of a change in the maximum levels for holdings shall remain valid from the date specified in the notification until the date specified in a subsequent notification of change pursuant to this paragraph.

  • 4 Each notification required pursuant to paragraph 2 or 3 of this Article for armoured combat vehicles shall also include maximum levels for the holdings of armoured infantry fighting vehicles and heavy armament combat vehicles of the State Party providing the notification.

  • 5 Ninety days before expiration of the 40-month period of reductions set forth in Article VIII and subsequently at the time of any notification of a change pursuant to paragraph 3 of this Article, each State Party shall provide notification of the maximum levels for its holdings of battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery with respect to each of the areas described in Article IV, paragraphs 2 to 4 and Article V, paragraph 1, subparagraph (A).

  • 6 A decrease in the numbers of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty held by a State Party and subject to notification pursuant to the Protocol on Information Exchange shall by itself confer no right on any other State Party to increase the maximum levels for its holdings subject to notification pursuant to this Article.

  • 7 It shall be the responsibility solely of each individual State Party to ensure that the maximum levels for its holdings notified pursuant to the provisions of this Article are not exceeded. States Parties belonging to the same group of States Parties shall consult in order to ensure that the maximum levels for holdings notified pursuant to the provisions of this Article, taken together as appropriate, do not exceed the limitations set forth in Articles IV, V and VI.

Article VIII

  • 1 The numerical limitations set forth in Articles IV, V and VI shall be achieved only by means of reduction in accordance with the Protocol on Reduction, the Protocol on Helicopter Recategorisation, the Protocol on Aircraft Reclassification, the Footnote to Section I, paragraph 2, subparagraph (A) of the Protocol on Existing Types and the Protocol on Inspection.

  • 2 The categories of conventional armaments and equipment subject to reductions are battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and attack helicopters. The specific types are listed in the Protocol on Existing Types.

    • (A) Battle tanks and armoured combat vehicles shall be reduced by destruction, conversion for non-military purposes, placement on static display, use as ground targets, or, in the case of armoured personnel carriers, modification in accordance with the Footnote to Section I, paragraph 2, subparagraph (A) of the Protocol on Existing Types.

    • (B) Artillery shall be reduced by destruction or placement on static display, or, in the case of self-propelled artillery, by use as ground targets.

    • (C) Combat aircraft shall be reduced by destruction, placement on static display, use for ground instructional purposes, or, in the case of specific models or versions of combat-capable trainer aircraft, reclassification into unarmed trainer aircraft.

    • (D) Specialised attack helicopters shall be reduced by destruction, placement on static display, or use for ground instructional purposes.

    • (E) Multi-purpose attack helicopters shall be reduced by destruction, placement on static display, use for ground instructional purposes, or recategorisation.

  • 3 Conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty shall be deemed to be reduced upon execution of the procedures set forth in the Protocols listed in paragraph 1 of this Article and upon notification as required by these Protocols. Armaments and equipment so reduced shall no longer be counted against the numerical limitations set forth in Articles IV, V and VI.

  • 4 Reductions shall be effected in three phases and completed no later than 40 months after entry into force of this Treaty, so that:

    • (A) by the end of the first reduction phase, that is, no later than 16 months after entry into force of this Treaty, each State Party shall have ensured that at least 25 percent of its total reduction liability in each of the categories of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty has been reduced;

    • (B) by the end of the second reduction phase, that is, no later than 28 months after entry into force of this Treaty, each State Party shall have ensured that at least 60 percent of its total reduction liability in each of the categories of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty has been reduced;

    • (C) by the end of the third reduction phase, that is, no later than 40 months after entry into force of this Treaty, each State Party shall have reduced its total reduction liability in each of the categories of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty. States Parties carrying out conversion for non-military purposes shall have ensured that the conversion of all battle tanks in accordance with Section VIII of the Protocol on Reduction shall have been completed by the end of the third reduction phase; and

    • (D) armoured combat vehicles deemed reduced by reason of having been partially destroyed in accordance with Section VIII, paragraph 6 of the Protocol on Reduction shall have been fully converted for non-military purposes, or destroyed in accordance with Section IV of the Protocol on Reduction, no later than 64 months after entry into force of this Treaty.

  • 5 Conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty to be reduced shall have been declared present within the area of application in the exchange of information at signature of this Treaty.

  • 6 No later than 30 days after entry into force of this Treaty, each State Party shall provide notification to all other States Parties of its reduction liability.

  • 7 Except as provided for in paragraph 8 of this Article, a State Party's reduction liability in each category shall be no less than the difference between its holdings notified, in accordance with the Protocol on Information Exchange, at signature or effective upon entry into force of this Treaty, whichever is the greater, and the maximum levels for holdings it notified pursuant to Article VII.

  • 8 Any subsequent revision of a State Party's holdings notified pursuant to the Protocol on Information Exchange or of its maximum levels for holdings notified pursuant to Article VII shall be reflected by a notified adjustment to its reduction liability. Any notification of a decrease in a State Party's reduction liability shall be preceded or accompanied by either a notification of a corresponding increase in holdings not exceeding the maximum levels for holdings notified pursuant to Article VII by one or more States Parties belonging to the same group of States Parties, or a notification of a corresponding increase in the reduction liability of one or more such States Parties.

  • 9 Upon entry into force of this Treaty, each State Party shall notify all other States Parties, in accordance with the Protocol on Information Exchange, of the locations of its reduction sites, including those where the final conversion of battle tanks and armoured combat vehicles for non-military purposes will be carried out.

  • 10 Each State Party shall have the right to designate as many reduction sites as it wishes, to revise without restriction its designation of such sites and to carry out reduction and final conversion simultaneously at a maximum of 20 sites. States Parties shall have the right to share or co-locate reduction sites by mutual agreement.

  • 11 Notwithstanding paragraph 10 of this Article, during the baseline validation period, that is, the interval between entry into force of this Treaty and 120 days after entry into force of this Treaty, reduction shall be carried out simultaneously at no more than two reduction sites for each State Party.

  • 12 Reduction of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty shall be carried out at reduction sites, unless otherwise specified in the Protocols listed in paragraph 1 of this Article, within the area of application.

  • 13 The reduction process, including the results of the conversion of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty for non-military purposes both during the reduction period and in the 24 months following the reduction period, shall be subject to inspection, without right of refusal, in accordance with the Protocol on Inspection.

Article IX

  • 1 Other than removal from service in accordance with the provisions of Article VIII, battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and attack helicopters within the area of application shall be removed from service only by decommissioning, provided that:

    • (A) such conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty are decommissioned and awaiting disposal at no more than eight sites which shall be notified as declared sites in accordance with the Protocol on Information Exchange and shall be identified in such notifications as holding areas for decommissioned conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty. If sites containing conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty decommissioned from service also contain any other conventional armaments and equipment subject to the Treaty, the decommissioned conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty shall be separately distinguishable; and

    • (B) the numbers of such decommissioned conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty do not exceed, in the case of any individual State Party, one percent of its notified holdings of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty, or a total of 250, whichever is greater, of which no more than 200 shall be battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and pieces of artillery, and no more than 50 shall be attack helicopters and combat aircraft.

  • 2 Notification of decommissioning shall include the number and type of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty decommissioned and the location of decommissioning and shall be provided to all other States Parties in accordance with Section IX, paragraph 1, subparagraph (B) of the Protocol on Information Exchange.

Article X

  • 1 Designated permanent storage sites shall be notified in accordance with the Protocol on Information Exchange to all other States Parties by the State Party to which the conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty contained at designated permanent storage sites belong. The notification shall include the designation and location, including geographic coordinates, of designated permanent storage sites and the numbers by type of each category of its conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty at each such storage site.

  • 2 Designated permanent storage sites shall contain only facilities appropriate for the storage and maintenance of armaments and equipment (e.g., warehouses, garages, workshops and associated stores as well as other support accommodation). Designated permanent storage sites shall not contain firing ranges or training areas associated with conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty. Designated permanent storage sites shall contain only armaments and equipment belonging to the conventional armed forces of a State Party.

  • 3 Each designated permanent storage site shall have a clearly defined physical boundary that shall consist of a continuous perimeter fence at least 1.5 metres in height. The perimeter fence shall have no more than three gates providing the sole means of entrance and exit for armaments and equipment.

  • 4 Conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty located within designated permanent storage sites shall be counted as conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty not in active units, including when they are temporarily removed in accordance with paragraphs 7,8,9 and 10 of this Article. Conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty in storage other than in designated permanent storage sites shall be counted as conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty in active units.

  • 5 Active units or formations shall not be located within designated permanent storage sites, except as provided for in paragraph 6 of this Article.

  • 6 Only personnel associated with the security or operation of designated permanent storage sites, or the maintenance of the armaments and equipment stored therein, shall be located within the designated permanent storage sites.

  • 7 For the purpose of maintenance, repair or modification of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty located within designated permanent storage sites, each State Party shall have the right, without prior notification, to remove from and retain outside designated permanent storage sites simultaneously up to 10 percent, rounded up to the nearest even whole number, of the notified holdings of each category of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty in each designated permanent storage site, or 10 items of the conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty in each category in each designated permanent storage site, whichever is less.

  • 8 Except as provided for in paragraph 7 of this Article, no State Party shall remove conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty from designated permanent storage sites unless notification has been provided to all other States Parties at least 42 days in advance of such removal. Notification shall be given by the State Party to which the conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty belong. Such notification shall specify:

    • (A) the location of the designated permanent storage site from which conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty are to be removed and the numbers by type of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty of each category to be removed;

    • (B) the dates of removal and return of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty; and

    • (C) the intended location and use of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty while outside the designated permanent storage site.

  • 9 Except as provided for in paragraph 7 of this Article, the aggregate numbers of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty removed from and retained outside designated permanent storage sites by States Parties belonging to the same group of States Parties shall at no time exceed the following levels:

    • (A) 550 battle tanks;

    • (B) 1,000 armoured combat vehicles; and

    • (C) 300 pieces of artillery.

  • 10 Conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty removed from designated permanent storage sites pursuant to paragraphs 8 and 9 of this Article shall be returned to designated permanent storage sites no later than 42 days after their removal, except for those items of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty removed for industrial rebuild. Such items shall be returned to designated permanent storage sites immediately on completion of the rebuild.

  • 11 Each State Party shall have the right to replace conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty located in designated permanent storage sites. Each State Party shall notify all other States Parties, at the beginning of replacement, of the number, location, type and disposition of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty being replaced.

Article XI

  • 1 Each State Party shall limit its armoured vehicle launched bridges so that, 40 months after entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter, for the group of States Parties to which it belongs the aggregate number of armoured vehicle launched bridges in active units within the area of application does not exceed 740.

  • 2 All armoured vehicle launched bridges within the area of application in excess of the aggregate number specified in paragraph 1 of this Article for each group of States Parties shall be placed in designated permanent storage sites, as defined in Article II. When armoured vehicle launched bridges are placed in a designated permanent storage site, either on their own or together with conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty, Article X, paragraphs 1 to 6 shall apply to armoured vehicle launched bridges as well as to conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty. Armoured vehicle launched bridges placed in designated permanent storage sites shall not be considered as being in active units.

  • 3 Except as provided for in paragraph 6 of this Article, armoured vehicle launched bridges may be removed, subject to the provisions of paragraphs 4 and 5 of this Article, from designated permanent storage sites only after notification has been provided to all other States Parties at least 42 days prior to such removal. This notification shall specify:

    • (A) the locations of the designated permanent storage sites from which armoured vehicle launched bridges are to be removed and the numbers of armoured vehicle launched bridges to be removed from each such site;

    • (B) the dates of removal of armoured vehicle launched bridges from and return to designated permanent storage sites; and

    • (C) the intended use of armoured vehicle launched bridges during the period of their removal from designated permanent storage sites.

  • 4 Except as provided for in paragraph 6 of this Article, armoured vehicle launched bridges removed from designated permanent storage sites shall be returned to them no later than 42 days after the actual date of removal.

  • 5 The aggregate number of armoured vehicle launched bridges removed from and retained outside of designated permanent storage sites by each group of States Parties shall not exceed 50 at any one time.

  • 6 States Parties shall have the right, for the purpose of maintenance or modification, to remove and have outside of designated permanent storage sites simultaneously up to 10 percent, rounded up to the nearest even whole number, of their notified holdings of armoured vehicle launched bridges in each designated permanent storage site, or 10 armoured vehicle launched bridges from each designated permanent storage site, whichever is less.

  • 7 In the event of natural disasters involving flooding or damage to permanent bridges, States Parties shall have the right to withdraw armoured vehicle launched bridges from designated permanent storage sites. Notification to all other States Parties of such withdrawals shall be given at the time of withdrawal.

Article XII

  • 1 Armoured infantry fighting vehicles held by organisations of a State Party designed and structured to perform in peacetime internal security functions, which are not structured and organised for ground combat against an external enemy, are not limited by this Treaty. The foregoing notwithstanding, in order to enhance the implementation of this Treaty and to provide assurance that the number of such armaments held by such organisations shall not be used to circumvent the provisions of this Treaty, any such armaments in excess of 1,000 armoured infantry fighting vehicles assigned by a State Party to organisations designed and structured to perform in peacetime internal security functions shall constitute a portion of the permitted levels specified in Articles IV, V and VI. No more than 600 such armoured infantry fighting vehicles of a State Party, assigned to such organisations, may be located in that part of the area of application described in Article V, paragraph 1, subparagraph (A). Each State Party shall further ensure that such organisations refrain from the acquisition of combat capabilities in excess of those necessary for meeting internal security requirements.

  • 2 A State Party that intends to reassign battle tanks, armoured infantry fighting vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft, attack helicopters and armoured vehicle launched bridges in service with its conventional armed forces to any organisation of that State Party not a part of its conventional armed forces shall notify all other States Parties no later than the date such reassignment takes effect. Such notification shall specify the effective date of the reassignment, the date such equipment is physically transferred, as well as the numbers, by type, of the conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty being reassigned.

Article XIII

  • 1 For the purpose of ensuring verification of compliance with the provisions of this Treaty, each State Party shall provide notifications and exchange information pertaining to its conventional armaments and equipment in accordance with the Protocol on Information Exchange.

  • 2 Such notifications and exchange of information shall be provided in accordance with Article XVII.

  • 3 Each State Party shall be responsible for its own information; receipt of such information and of notifications shall not imply validation or acceptance of the information provided.

Article XIV

  • 1 For the purpose of ensuring verification of compliance with the provisions of this Treaty, each State Party shall have the right to conduct, and the obligation to accept, within the area of application, inspections in accordance with the provisions of the Protocol on Inspection.

  • 2 The purpose of such inspections shall be:

    • (A) to verify, on the basis of the information provided pursuant to the Protocol on Information Exchange, the compliance of States Parties with the numerical limitations set forth in Articles IV, V and VI;

    • (B) to monitor the process of reduction of battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and attack helicopters carried out at reduction sites in accordance with Article VIII and the Protocol on Reduction; and

    • (C) to monitor the certification of recategorised multi-purpose attack helicopters and reclassified combat-capable trainer aircraft carried out in accordance with the Protocol on Helicopter Recategorisation and the Protocol on Aircraft Reclassification, respectively.

  • 3 No State Party shall exercise the rights set forth in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article in respect of States Parties which belong to the group of States Parties to which it belongs in order to elude the objectives of the verification regime.

  • 4 In the case of an inspection conducted jointly by more than one State Party, one of them shall be responsible for the execution of the provisions of this Treaty.

  • 5 The number of inspections pursuant to Sections VII and VIII of the Protocol on Inspection which each State Party shall have the right to conduct and the obligation to accept during each specified time period shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of Section II of that Protocol.

  • 6 Upon completion of the 120-day residual level validation period, each State Party shall have the right to conduct, and each State Party with territory within the area of application shall have the obligation to accept, an agreed number of aerial inspections within the area of application. Such agreed numbers and other applicable provisions shall be developed during negotiations referred to in Article XVIII.

Article XV

  • 1 For the purpose of ensuring verification of compliance with the provisions of this Treaty, a State Party shall have the right to use, in addition to the procedures referred to in Article XIV, national or multinational technical means of verification at its disposal in a manner consistent with generally recognised principles of international law.

  • 2 A State Party shall not interfere with national or multinational technical means of verification of another State Party operating in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article.

  • 3 A State Party shall not use concealment measures that impede verification of compliance with the provisions of this Treaty by national or multinational technical means of verification of another State Party operating in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article. This obligation does not apply to cover or concealment practices associated with normal personnel training, maintenance or operations involving conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty.

Article XVI

  • 1 To promote the objectives and implementation of the provisions of this Treaty, the States Parties hereby establish a Joint Consultative Group.

  • 2 Within the framework of the Joint Consultative Group, the States Parties shall:

    • (A) address questions relating to compliance with or possible circumvention of the provisions of this Treaty;

    • (B) seek to resolve ambiguities and differences of interpretation that may become apparent in the way this Treaty is implemented;

    • (C) consider and, if possible, agree on measures to enhance the viability and effectiveness of this Treaty;

    • (D) update the lists contained in the Protocol on Existing Types, as required by Article II, paragraph 2;

    • (E) resolve technical questions in order to seek common practices among the States Parties in the way this Treaty is implemented;

    • (F) work out or revise, as necessary, rules of procedure, working methods, the scale of distribution of expenses of the Joint Consultative Group and of conferences convened under this Treaty and the distribution of costs of inspections between or among States Parties;

    • (G) consider and work out appropriate measures to ensure that information obtained through exchanges of information among the States Parties or as a result of inspections pursuant to this Treaty is used solely for the purposes of this Treaty, taking into account the particular requirements of each State Party in respect of safeguarding information which that State Party specifies as being sensitive;

    • (H) consider, upon the request of any State Party, any matter that a State Party wishes to propose for examination by any conference to be convened in accordance with Article XXI; such consideration shall not prejudice the right of any State Party to resort to the procedures set forth in Article XXI; and

    • (I) consider matters of dispute arising out of the implementation of this Treaty.

  • 3 Each State Party shall have the right to raise before the Joint Consultative Group, and have placed on its agenda, any issue relating to this Treaty.

  • 4 The Joint Consultative Group shall take decisions or make recommendations by consensus. Consensus shall be understood to mean the absence of any objection by any representative of a State Party to the taking of a decision or the making of a recommendation.

  • 5 The Joint Consultative Group may propose amendments to this Treaty for consideration and confirmation in accordance with Article XX. The Joint Consultative Group may also agree on improvements to the viability and effectiveness of this Treaty, consistent with its provisions. Unless such improvements relate only to minor matters of an administrative or technical nature, they shall be subject to consideration and confirmation in accordance with Article XX before they can take effect.

  • 6 Nothing in this Article shall be deemed to prohibit or restrict any State Party from requesting information from or undertaking consultations with other States Parties on matters relating to this Treaty and its implementation in channels or fora other than the Joint Consultative Group.

  • 7 The Joint Consultative Group shall follow the procedures set forth in the Protocol on the Joint Consultative Group.

Article XVII

The States Parties shall transmit information and notifications required by this Treaty in written form. They shall use diplomatic channels or other official channels designated by them, including in particular a communications network to be established by a separate arrangement.

Article XVIII

  • 1 The States Parties, after signature of this Treaty, shall continue the negotiations on conventional armed forces with the same Mandate and with the goal of building on this Treaty.

  • 2 The objective for these negotiations shall be to conclude an agreement on additional measures aimed at further strengthening security and stability in Europe, and pursuant to the Mandate, including measures to limit the personnel strength of their conventional armed forces within the area of application.

  • 3 The States Parties shall seek to conclude these negotiations no later than the follow-up meeting of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe to be held in Helsinki in 1992.

Article XIX

  • 1 This Treaty shall be of unlimited duration. It may be supplemented by a further treaty.

  • 2 Each State Party shall, in exercising its national sovereignty, have the right to withdraw from this Treaty if it decides that extraordinary events related to the subject matter of this Treaty have jeopardised its supreme interests. A State Party intending to withdraw shall give notice of its decision to do so to the Depositary and to all other States Parties. Such notice shall be given at least 150 days prior to the intended withdrawal from this Treaty. It shall include a statement of the extraordinary events the State Party regards as having jeopardised its supreme interests.

  • 3 Each State Party shall, in particular, in exercising its national sovereignty, have the right to withdraw from this Treaty if another State Party increases its holdings in battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft or attack helicopters, as defined in Article II, which are outside the scope of the limitations of this Treaty, in such proportions as to pose an obvious threat to the balance of forces within the area of application.

Article XX

  • 1 Any State Party may propose amendments to this Treaty. The text of a proposed amendment shall be submitted to the Depositary, which shall circulate it to all the States Parties.

  • 2 If an amendment is approved by all the States Parties, it shall enter into force in accordance with the procedures set forth in Article XXII governing the entry into force of this Treaty.

Article XXI

  • 1 Forty-six months after entry into force of this Treaty, and at five-year intervals thereafter, the Depositary shall convene a conference of the States Parties to conduct a review of the operation of this Treaty.

  • 2 The Depositary shall convene an extraordinary conference of the States Parties, if requested to do so by any State Party which considers that exceptional circumstances relating to this Treaty have arisen, in particular, in the event that a State Party has announced its intention to leave its group of States Parties or to join the other group of States Parties, as defined in Article II, paragraph 1, subparagraph (A). In order to enable the other States Parties to prepare for this conference, the request shall include the reason why that State Party deems an extraordinary conference to be necessary. The conference shall consider the circumstances set forth in the request and their effect on the operation of this Treaty. The conference shall open no later than 15 days after receipt of the request and, unless it decides otherwise, shall last no longer than three weeks.

  • 3 The Depositary shall convene a conference of the States Parties to consider an amendment proposed pursuant to Article XX, if requested to do so by three or more States Parties. Such a conference shall open no later than 21 days after receipt of the necessary requests.

  • 4 In the event that a State Party gives notice of its decision to withdraw from this Treaty pursuant to Article XIX, the Depositary shall convene a conference of the States Parties which shall open no later than 21 days after receipt of the notice of withdrawal in order to consider questions relating to the withdrawal from this Treaty.

Article XXII

  • 1 This Treaty shall be subject to ratification by each State Party in accordance with its constitutional procedures. Instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, hereby designated the Depositary.

  • 2 This Treaty shall enter into force 10 days after instruments of ratification have been deposited by all States Parties listed in the Preamble.

  • 3 The Depositary shall promptly inform all States Parties of:

    • (A) the deposit of each instrument of ratification;

    • (B) the entry into force of this Treaty;

    • (C) any withdrawal in accordance with Article XIX and its effective date;

    • (D) the text of any amendment proposed in accordance with Article XX;

    • (E) the entry into force of any amendment to this Treaty;

    • (F) any request to convene a conference in accordance with Article XXI;

    • (G) the convening of a conference pursuant to Article XXI; and

    • (H) any other matter of which the Depositary is required by this Treaty to inform the States Parties.

Article XXIII

The original of this Treaty, of which the English, French, German, Italian, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited in the archives of the Depositary. Duly certified copies of this Treaty shall be transmitted by the Depositary to all the States Parties.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, duly authorized, have signed this Treaty

DONE at Paris, this nineteenth day of November one thousand nine hundred and ninety.

Protocol on existing types of conventional armaments and equipment

The States Parties hereby agree upon: (a) lists, valid as of the date of Treaty signature, of existing types of conventional armaments and equipment subject to the measures of limitation, reduction, information exchange and verification; (b) procedures for the provision of technical data and photographs relevant to such existing types of conventional armaments and equipment; and (c) procedures for updating the lists of such existing types of conventional armaments and equipment, in accordance with Article II of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe of November 19, 1990, hereinafter referred to as the Treaty.

SECTION I. EXISTING TYPES OF CONVENTIONAL ARMAMENTS AND EQUIPMENT LIMITED BY THE TREATY

1.

Existing types of battle tanks are:

M-l

M-60

M-48

M-47

Leopard 1

Leopard 2

AMX-30

Challenger

Chieftain

T-34

T-54

T-55

T-62

T-64

T-72

T-80

TR-85

TR-580

Centurion

M-41

NM-116

T-54

T-55

T-72

 

All models and versions of an existing type of battle tank listed above shall be deemed to be battle tanks of that type.

2.

Existing types of armoured combat vehicles are:

  • (A) Armoured Personnel Carriers:

    YPR-765

    AMX-13 VTT

    M113

    M75

    Spartan

    Grizzly

    TPz-1 Fuchs

    BTR-40

    BTR-152

    BTR-50

    BTR-60

    OT-62 (TOPAS)

    OT-64 (SKOT)

    OT-90

    VAB

    M59

    Leonidas

    VCC1

    VCC2

    Saxon

    AFV 432

    Saracen

    Humber

    BDX

    BMR-600

    FUG D-442

    BTR-70

    BTR-80

    BTR-D

    TAB-77

    OT-810

    PSZH D-944

    TABC-79

    TAB-71

    MLVM

    MT-LB2

    Chaimite V200

    V150S

    EBR-ETT

    M3A1

    YP408

    BLR

    VIB

    LVTP-7

    6614/G

    BTR-152

    BTR-50

    BTR-60

    BTR-70

    MT-LB3

     

    All models and versions of an existing type of armoured personnel carrier listed above shall be deemed to be armoured personnel carriers of that type, unless such models and versions are included in the armoured personnel carrier look-alike list in Section II, paragraph 1 of this Protocol.

  • (B) Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicles:

    YPR-765 (25mm)

    Marder

    AMX-10P

    Warrior

    M2/M3 Bradley

    AFV 432 Rarden

    NM-135

    BMP-l/BRM-1

    BMP-2

    BMP-23

    MLI-84

    BMD-1

    BMD-2

    BMP-3

    BMP-1/BRM-1

    BMP-2

     

    All models and versions of an existing type of an armoured infantry fighting vehicle listed above shall be deemed to be armoured infantry fighting vehicles of that type, unless such models and versions are included in the armoured infantry fighting vehicle look-alike list in Section II, paragraph 2 of this Protocol.

  • (C) Heavy Armament Combat Vehicles:

    AMX-10RC

    ERC 90 Sagaye

    BMR-625-90

    Commando VI50

    PT-76

    SU-76

    SU-100

    ISU-152

    Scorpion

    Saladin

    JPK-90

    M-24

    AMX-13

    EBR-75 Panhard

    PT-76

     

    All models and versions of an existing type of heavy armament combat vehicle listed above shall be deemed to be heavy armament combat vehicles of that type.

3.

Existing types of artillery are:

  • (A) Guns, Howitzers and Artillery Pieces Combining the Characteristics of Guns and Howitzers:

    105 mm:

    105 Light Gun

    100mm:

    BS-3 Field Gun

     

    M18

     

    Model 53 Field Gun

     

    105 Krupp Gun

     

    Skoda How (Model

     

    105 R Metal Gun

     

    1914/1934, 1930, 1934)

     

    105 Pack How

       
     

    M 56 Pack How

     

    Skoda How (Model 1939)

     

    M 101 Towed How

       
     

    M 102 Towed How

    105 mm:

    Schneider Field Gun

     

    Abbot SP Gun

     

    (Model 1936)

     

    M108SPHow

    120 mm:

    2B16 How

     

    M52 SP How

     

    2S9 SP How

     

    105 HM-2 How

       
     

    M-38 Gun (Skoda)

    122 mm:

    D30 How

     

    105 AU 50 How

     

    M-30 How

     

    R58/M26 Towed

     

    D74 How

     

    How

     

    2S1 SPHow

         

    A19 Gun (Model

    122 mm:

    122/46 Field Gun

     

    31/37)

     

    D30How

     

    Model 89 SP How

     

    M 30 How

       
     

    2S1 SPHow

    130 mm:

    Gun 82

         

    M-46 Gun

    130 mm:

    M 46 Gun

       
       

    150 mm:

    Skoda How (Model 1934)

    140 mm:

    5.5" (139.7 mm)

     

    Ceh How (Model

     

    Towed How

     

    1937)

       

    152 mm:

    Dl How

    150 mm:

    150 Skoda Gun

     

    2S3 SP How

         

    2A65 How

    152 mm:

    D20 Gun-How

     

    ML20 How-Gun

     

    2S3 SP How

     

    D20 Gun-How

         

    Gun 81

    155 mm:

    Ml 14 Towed How

     

    2A36 Gun

     

    M114/39 (M-139)

     

    Dana SP Gun-How

     

    Towed How

     

    M77

     

    FH-70 Towed How

     

    2S5 SP Gun

     

    M 109 SPHow

     

    2S19SPHow

     

    M 198 Towed How

     

    Gun-How 85

     

    155 TRF1 Gun

     

    How Model 1938

     

    155 AUFI Gun

     

    How 81

     

    155 AMF3 Gun

    203 mm:

    B4How

     

    155 BF50 Gun

     

    2S7 SP Gun

     

    M44 SP How

       
     

    M59 Towed Gun

       
     

    SP70 SP How

       

    175 mm:

    M107SPGun

       

    203 mm:

    Ml 15 Towed How

       
     

    MHO SPHow

       
     

    M55 SP How

       
  • (B) Mortars:

    107mm:

    4.2" (ground mounted or on M106 armoured vehicle)

    107 mm:

    Mortar M-1938

       

    120 mm:

    2B11 (2S12)

    120mm:

    Brandt (M60,

     

    Ml 20 Model 38/43

     

    M-120-60;

       
     

    SLM-120-AM

     

    Tundzha/Tundzha

     

    50)

     

    Sani SP Mortar

     

    M120 RTF 1

     

    (mounted on

     

    M120M51

     

    MT-LB)

     

    Soltam/Tampella

     

    Mortar Model 1982

     

    (ground mounted

     

    B-24

     

    or on Ml 13

       
     

    armoured

    160 mm:

    M160

     

    vehicle)

       
     

    Ecia Mod L (ground

       
     

    mounted M-L or

    240 mm:

    M240

     

    mounted on

     

    2S4 SP Mortar

     

    either the

       
     

    BMR-600 or

       
     

    Ml 13 armoured

       
     

    vehicle)

       
     

    HY12 (Tosam)

       
     

    2B11 (2S12)

       
  • (C) Multiple Launch Rocket Systems:

    110mm:

    LARS

    122 mm:

    BM-21 (BM-21-1,

         

    BM-21V)

    122mm:

    BM-21

     

    RM-70

     

    RM-70

     

    APR-21

         

    APR-40

    140mm:

    Teruel MLAS

       
       

    130 mm:

    M-51

    227mm:

    MLRS

     

    RM-130

         

    BM-13

         

    R.2

       

    140 mm:

    BM-14

       

    220 mm:

    BM-22/27

       

    240 mm:

    BM-24

       

    280 mm:

    Uragan 9P140

       

    300 mm:

    Smerch

    All models and versions of an existing type of artillery listed above shall be deemed to be artillery of that type.

4.

Existing types of combat aircraft are:

A-7

A-10

Alpha Jet A

AM-X

Buccaneer

Canberra

Draken

F-4

F-5

F-15

F-16

F-18

F-84

F-102

F-104

F-lll

G-91

Harrier

Hunter

Jaguar

Lightning

MiG-21

MiG-23

IAR-93

IL-28

MiG-15

MiG-17

MiG-21

MiG-23

MiG-25

MiG-27

MiG-29

MiG-31

SU-7

SU-15

SU-17

SU-20

SU-22

SU-24

SU-25

SU-27

TU-16

TU-22

TU-22M

TU-128

Yak-28

MiG-29

MB-339

Mirage Fl

Mirage III

Mirage IV

Mirage V

Mirage 2000

SU-22

Tornado

 

All models or versions of an existing type of combat aircraft listed above shall be deemed to be combat aircraft of that type.

5.

Existing types of attack helicopters are:

  • (A) Specialised Attack Helicopters:

    A-129 Mangusta

    AH-1 Cobra

    AH-64 Apache

    Mi-24

    Subject to the provisions in Section I, paragraph 3 of the Protocol on Helicopter Recategorisation, all models or versions of an existing type of specialised attack helicopter listed above shall be deemed to be specialised attack helicopters of that type.

  • (B) Multi-Purpose Attack Helicopters:

    A-109 Hirundo

    Alouette III

    IAR-316

    Mi-8/Mi-17

    BO-105/PAH-1

    Fennec AS 550 C-2

    Gazelle

    Lynx

    Mi-8

    OH-58 Kiowa/AB-206/CH-136

    Scout

    Wessex

     

Subject to the provisions in Section I, paragraphs 4 and 5 of the Protocol on Helicopter Recategorisation, all models or versions of an existing type of multi-purpose attack helicopter listed above shall be deemed to be multi-purpose attack helicopters of that type.

SECTION II. EXISTING TYPES OF CONVENTIONAL ARMAMENTS AND EQUIPMENT NOT LIMITED BY THE TREATY

1.

Existing types of armoured personnel carrier look-alikes are:

YPR-765

MILAN

BTR-40

CP

 

CP PRC0C1

BTR-50

PU

 

PRCOC2

PRCOC4

PRCOC5

PRMR

 

P

PUM

PUR 82

PK (MRF)

UR-67

AMX-13 VTT

MILAN PC

 

PK(B)

MTP-1

   

BTR-152

CP

M113

MILAN

   
 

A1/A2 (ATGW)

BTR-60

PU

 

E/W TOW

ARTFC

ARTOBS

 

PU-12/PA PU-12

PAU

BBS

 

FACONT

MORTFC

A1E

Mortar Carrier

SIG

HFTRSM

CP

CPSVC

A1CP

A1ECP

4.2"/M106 Al 4.2"

M106 81 mm

M-125 81 mm

M125 Al 81 mm

M125 A2 81 mm

 

ABS

R-137 B

R-140 BM

R-145

R-156

R-409 BM

P-238BT

P-240BT

P-241BT

E-351BR

R-975

MTP-2

1V18, 1V19

1V118

B

 

NM-125 81 mm

   
   

BTR-70

KShM

TPz-1 FUCHS

HFTRSM

 

SPR-2 BREM

 

ADCP

 

ZS-88

 

CP

 

Kh

 

ENGRCP

ELOKA

   
 

NBC

BTR-80

1V119

 

RASIT

 

RCHM-4

M59

CP

BTR-D

ZD RD

LEONIDAS

1

   
   

OT-62 (TOPAS)

CP

VAB

PC

 

WPT/DPT-62 BREM

BMR-600

SIG PC

81 mm

 

R-2M

R-3M

R-3MT

R-4MT

SPARTAN

STRIKER

OT-64

CP

 

SAMSON

(SKOT)

 
 

CP

JAVELIN

MILAN

 

R-3Z

R-2M

R-3MT

R-4

SAXON

AD

 

R-4MT

 

CP

 

R-2AM

 

MAINT

 

PROPAGANDA

     

R-4M

AFV 432

CP/RA

 

R-6

 

81 mm CYMB

AFV 435

AFV 436

 

BREM

S-260 inz.

WS-260 art.

PT/DR-64

 

AFV 439

OT-810

OT-810/R-112

HUMBER

SQUIRT

OT90

VP90

SARACEN

SQUIRT CP

FUG

VS

 

ADR

D-442

MRP

OT-65/R-112

YP408

PWMR

 

OT-65 DP

 

PWCO

 

OT-65 CH

 

PWAT

PSZH

CP

 

PWRDR

D-944

 
 

PWV

   
   

MT-LB

AT

BTR-50

PU

 

KShM-R-81

 

PK(MRF)

PK(B)

 

R-80

9S743 PI

BTR-60

PU-12/PA PU-12

 

1W-13-16

 

BBS

ABS

R-137B

R-140BM

R-145

R-156

R-409 BM

P-238 BT

P-240 BT

P-241 BT

B

 

1W-21-25

1W-12

MP-21-25

AFMS

R-381T

R-330P

Beta 3M

SPR-1

WPT/DTP

BREM

TRI

MTP-LB

MT-LB

PI

 

BRM Sova/

 

MP-21-25

1W-13-16

 

BRM 30

 

AFMS

R-381 T

R-330 P

TAB-71

A

TERA-71-L

AR

 

Beta 3M

   

MTP-LB

 

TAB-77

A

TERA-77-L

   

TABC-79

RCH-84

     

PCOMA

     

AR

A-POMA

   

TAB

TCG-80

   

MLVM

AR

2.

Existing types of armoured infantry fighting vehicle look-alikes are:

WARRIOR

RA

REP

BMP-1

KSh

9S743

 

REC

 

PRP-3, -4

     

MP-31

BMP-1

MTP

MP-31

 

B

SVO

     

DTB-80

VPV

IRM

MTP

BREM-4, -2, -D

   

BMD-1

KSh

   

BRM-1

KSh

3.

Existing types of primary trainer aircraft which are designed and constructed for primary flying training and which may possess only limited armament capability necessary for basic training in weapon delivery techniques are:

Alpha Jet E

C-101 Aviojet

Fouga

Hawk

Jet Provost

1-22

IAR-99

L-29

L-39

TS-11

L-39

MB-326

PD-808

T-2

T-33/CT-133

T-37

T-38

 

4.

Existing types of combat support helicopters are:

A-109 Hirundo

AB-412

Alouette II

Alouette III

Blackhawk

IAR-316

IAR-330

Mi-2

Mi-6

Mi-8/Mi-17

Bell 47/AB 47/Sioux

BO-105

CH53

Chinook

Fennec AS 555 A

Hughes 300

Hughes 500/OH-6

Mi-8

OH-58 Kiowa/AB-206/CH-136

Puma

Sea King

UH-1A/1B/AB-204

UH-1D/1H/AB-205

UH-1N/AB-212

Wessex

 

5.

Existing types of unarmed transport helicopters which are not equipped for the employment of weapons are:

AB47

AB-412

Alouette II

CH53

Mi-2

Mi-26

SA-365N Dauphin

W-3 Sokol

Chinook

Cougar AS 532 U

Dauphin AS 365 Nl

Hughes 300

NH 500

Puma

Sea King/H-3F/HAR 3

SH-3D

UH-1D/1H/AB-205

UH-1N/AB-212

 

6.

Existing types of armoured vehicle launched bridges are:

M47 AVLB

M48 AVLB

M60 AVLB

Centurion AVLB

Chieftain AVLB

Brueckenlegepanzer Biber/Leopard 1 AVLB

MTU

MT-20

MT-55A

MTU-72

BLG-60

BLG-67M

BLG-67M2

SECTION III. TECHNICAL DATA AND PHOTOGRAPHS

1.

Technical data, in accordance with the agreed categories in the Annex to this Protocol, together with photographs presenting the right or left side, top and front views for each of its existing types of conventional armaments and equipment listed in Sections I and II of this Protocol shall be provided by each State Party to all other States Parties at the signature of the Treaty. In addition, photographs of armoured personnel carrier look-alikes and armoured infantry fighting vehicle look-alikes shall include a view of such vehicles so as to show clearly their internal configuration illustrating the specific characteristic which distinguishes this particular vehicle as a look-alike. Photographs in addition to those required by this paragraph may be provided at the discretion of each State Party.

2.

Each existing type of conventional armaments and equipment listed in Sections I and II of this Protocol shall have a model or version of that type designated as an exemplar. Photographs shall be provided for each such designated exemplar pursuant to paragraph 1 of this Section. Photographs shall not be required of models and versions of a type that have no significant externally observable differences from the exemplar of that type. The photographs of each exemplar of a type shall contain an annotation of the existing type designation and national nomenclature for all models and versions of the type that the photographs of the exemplar represent. The photographs of each exemplar of a type shall contain an annotation of the technical data for that type in accordance with the agreed categories in the Annex to this Protocol. In addition, the annotation shall indicate all models and versions of the type that the photographs of the exemplar represent. Such technical data shall be annotated on the side view photograph.

SECTION IV. UPDATES OF EXISTING TYPES LISTS AND OBLIGATIONS OFTHE STATES PARTIES

1.

This Protocol constitutes agreement by the States Parties only with respect to existing types of conventional armaments and equipment as well as with respect to the categories of technical data set forth in Sections I and II of the Annex to this Protocol.

2.

Each State Party shall be responsible for the accuracy of technical data for only its own conventional armaments and equipment provided in accordance with Section III of this Protocol.

3.

Each State Party shall notify all other States Parties, upon the entry into service with the armed forces of that State Party within the area of application, of: (a) any new type of conventional armaments and equipment which meets one of the definitions in Article II of the Treaty or which falls under a category listed in this Protocol, and (b) any new model or version of a type listed in this Protocol. At the same time, each State Party shall provide all other States Parties with the technical data and photographs required by Section III of this Protocol.

4.

As soon as possible, and in any case no later than 60 days following a notification pursuant to paragraph 3 of this Section, the States Parties shall initiate update actions, in accordance with the provisions set forth in Article XVI of the Treaty and the Protocol on the Joint Consultative Group, for the lists of existing types of conventional armaments and equipment in Sections I and II of this Protocol.

Annex to the Protocol on existing types of conventional armaments and equipment

SECTION I. AGREED CATEGORIES OF TECHNICAL DATA

The following are agreed categories of technical data for each model and version of existing types of conventional armaments and equipment:

  • 1. Battle Tanks

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

    Main Gun Calibre

    Unladen Weight

  • 2. Armoured Combat Vehicles

    Armoured Personnel Carriers

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

    Type and Calibre of Armaments, if any

    Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicles

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

    Type and Calibre of Armaments

    Heavy Armament Combat Vehicles

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

    Main Gun Calibre

    Unladen Weight

  • 3. Artillery

    Guns, Howitzers and Artillery Pieces Combining the Characteristics of Guns and Howitzers

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

    Calibre

    Mortars

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

    Calibre

    Multiple Launch Rocket Systems

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

    Calibre

  • 4. Combat Aircraft

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

  • 5. Attack Helicopters

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

  • 6. Armoured Personnel Carrier Look-Alikes

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

    Type and Calibre of Armaments, if any

  • 7. Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle Look-Alikes

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

    Type and Calibre of Armaments, if any

  • 8. Primary Trainer Aircraft

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

    Type of Armaments, if any

  • 9. Combat Support Helicopters

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

  • 10. Unarmed Transport Helicopters

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

  • 11. Armoured Vehicle Launched Bridges

    Existing Type

    National Nomenclature

SECTION II. SPECIFICATIONS FOR PHOTOGRAPHS

Photographs provided pursuant to SectionIII of this Protocol shall be in black and white. The use of flash and lighting equipment shall be allowed. The object being photographed shall contrast with the background of the photograph. All photographs shall be of high definition, with continuous tone and in sharp focus. Photographs measuring 13 centimetres by 18 centimetres, not including a border, shall be provided. For aspects other than overhead, all photographs shall be taken from the same level as the equipment being photographed, with the camera placed along or perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the object being photographed; for the top view, photographs shall show the top and may show the rear aspects of the equipment. The object being photographed shall fill at least 80 percent of the photograph in either horizontal or vertical aspect. A reference gauge shall be included in each photograph together with the object. The gauge shall have alternating half-metre sections in black and white. It shall be long enough to provide accurate scaling and shall be placed on or against the object or in close proximity to it. Each photograph shall be labelled to provide the information required by Section III, paragraph 2 of this Protocol as well as the date when the photograph was taken.

Protocol on procedures governing the reclassification of specific models or versions of combat-capable trainer aircraft into unarmed trainer aircraft

The States Parties hereby agree upon procedures and provisions governing total disarming and certification of the unarmed status of specific models or versions of combat-capable trainer aircraft in accordance with Article VIII of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe of November 19,1990, hereinafter referred to as the Treaty.

SECTION I. GENERAL PROVISIONS

1.

Each State Party shall have the right to remove from the numerical limitations on combat aircraft in Articles IV and VI of the Treaty only those specific models or versions of combat-capable trainer aircraft listed in Section II, paragraph 1 of this Protocol in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Protocol.

  • (A) Each State Party shall have the right to remove from the numerical limitations on combat aircraft in Articles IV and VI of the Treaty individual aircraft of the specific models or versions listed in Section II, paragraph 1 of this Protocol that have any of the components set forth in Section III, paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Protocol only by total disarming and certification.

  • (B) Each State Party shall have the right to remove from the numerical limitations on combat aircraft in Articles IV and VI of the Treaty individual aircraft of the specific models or versions listed in Section II, paragraph 1 of this Protocol that do not have any of the components set forth in Section III, paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Protocol by certification alone.

2.

Models or versions of combat-capable trainer aircraft listed in Section II of this Protocol may be disarmed and certified, or certified alone, within 40 months after entry into force of the Treaty. Such aircraft shall count against the numerical limitations on combat aircraft in Articles IV and VI of the Treaty until such aircraft have been certified as unarmed in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section IV of this Protocol. Each State Party shall have the right to remove from the numerical limitations on combat aircraft in Articles IV and VI of the Treaty no more than 550 such aircraft, of which no more than 130 shall be of the MiG-25U model or version.

3.

No later than entry into force of the Treaty, each State Party shall notify all other States Parties of:

  • (A) the total number of each specific model or version of combatcapable trainer aircraft that the State Party intends to disarm and certify in accordance with Section I, paragraph 1, subparagraph (A), Section III and Section IV of this Protocol; and

  • (B) the total number of each specific model or version of combatcapable trainer aircraft that the State Party intends to certify alone, in accordance with Section I, paragraph 1, subparagraph (B) and Section IV of this Protocol.

4.

Each State Party shall use whatever technological means it deems necessary to implement the total disarming procedures set forth in Section III of this Protocol.

SECTION II. MODELS OR VERSIONS OF COMBAT-CAPABLE TRAINER AIRCRAFT ELIGIBLE FOR TOTAL DISARMING AND CERTIFICATION

1.

Each State Party shall have the right to remove from the numerical limitations on combat aircraft in Articles IV and VI of the Treaty in accordance with the provisions of this Protocol only the following specific models or versions of combat-capable trainer aircraft:

SU-15U

SU-17U

MiG-15U

MiG-21U

MiG-23U

MiG-25U

UIL-28

2.

The foregoing list of specific models or versions of combat-capable trainer aircraft is final and not subject to revision.

SECTION III. PROCEDURES FOR TOTAL DISARMING

1.

Models or versions of combat-capable trainer aircraft being totally disarmed shall be rendered incapable of further employment of any type of weapon system as well as further operation of electronic warfare and reconnaissance systems by the removal of the following components:

  • (A) provisions specifically for the attachment of weapon systems, such as special hardpoints, launching devices, or weapon mounting areas;

  • (B) units and panels of weapon control systems including weapon selection, arming and firing or launching systems;

  • (C) units of aiming equipment and weapon guidance systems not integral to navigation and flight control systems; and

  • (D) units and panels of electronic warfare and reconnaissance systems including associated antennae.

2.

Notwithstanding paragraph 1 of this Section, any special hardpoints which are integral to the aircraft, as well as any special elements of general purpose hardpoints which are designed for use only with the components described in paragraph 1 of this Section, shall be rendered incapable of further employment with such systems. Electrical circuits of the weapon, electronic warfare, and reconnaissance systems described in paragraph 1 of this Section shall be rendered incapable of further employment by removal of the wiring or, if that is not technically practicable, by cutting out sections of the wiring in accessible areas.

3.

Each State Party shall provide to all other States Parties the following information, no less than 42 days in advance of the total disarming of the first aircraft of each model or version of combat-capable trainer aircraft listed in Section II of this Protocol:

  • (A) a basic block diagram portraying all major components of weapon systems including aiming equipment and weapon guidance systems, provisions designed for the attachment of weapons as well as components of electronic warfare and reconnaissance systems, the basic function of the components described in paragraph 1 of this Section, and the functional connections of such components to each other;

  • (B) a general description of the disarming process including a list of components to be removed; and

  • (C) a photograph of each component to be removed illustrating its position in the aircraft prior to its removal, and a photograph of the same position after the corresponding component has been removed.

SECTION IV. PROCEDURES FOR CERTIFICATION

1.

Each State Party that intends to disarm and certify, or certify alone, models or versions of combat-capable trainer aircraft shall comply with the following certification procedures in order to ensure that such aircraft do not possess any of the components listed in Section III, paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Protocol.

2.

Each State Party shall notify all other States Parties in accordance with Section IX, paragraph 3 of the Protocol on Inspection of each certification. In the event of the first certification of an aircraft that does not require total disarming, the State Party that intends to conduct the certification shall provide to all other States Parties the information required in Section III, paragraph 3, subparagraphs (A), (B) and (C) of this Protocol for an armed model or version of the same aircraft type.

3.

Each State Party shall have the right to inspect the certification of combat-capable trainer aircraft in accordance with Section IX of the Protocol on Inspection.

4.

The process of total disarming and certification, or certification alone, shall be deemed completed when the certification procedures set forth in this Section have been completed regardless of whether any State Party exercises the certification inspection rights described in paragraph 3 of this Section and Section IX of the Protocol on Inspection, provided that within 30 days of receipt of the notification of completion of the certification and reclassificati on provided pursuant to paragraph 5 of this Section no State Party has notified all other States Parties that it considers that there is an ambiguity relating to the certification and reclassification process. In the event of such an ambiguity being raised, such reclassification shall not be deemed complete until the matter relating to the ambiguity is resolved.

5.

The State Party conducting the certification shall notify all other States Parties in accordance with Section IX of the Protocol on Inspection of completion of the certification.

6.

Certification shall be conducted in the area of application. States Parties belonging to the same group of States Parties shall have the right to share locations for certification.

SECTION V. PROCEDURES FOR INFORMATION EXCHANGE AND VERIFICATION

All models or versions of combat-capable trainer aircraftcertified as unarmed shall be subject to information exchange, in accordance with the provisions of the Protocol on Information Exchange, and verification, including inspection, in accordance with the Protocol on Inspection.

Protocol on procedures governing the reduction of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

The States Parties hereby agree upon procedures governing the reduction of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty as set forth in Article VIII of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe of November 19,1990, hereinafter referred to as the Treaty.

SECTION I. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR REDUCTION

1.

Conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty shall be reduced in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Protocol and the other protocols listed in Article VIII, paragraph 1 of the Treaty. Any one of such procedures shall be deemed sufficient, when conducted in accordance with the provisions of Article VIII of the Treaty or this Protocol, to carry out reduction.

2.

Each State Party shall have the right to use any technological means it deems appropriate to implement the procedures for reducing conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty.

3.

Each State Party shall have the right to remove, retain and use those components and parts of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty which are not themselves subject to reduction in accordance with the provisions of Section II of this Protocol, and to dispose of debris.

4.

Unless otherwise provided for in this Protocol, conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty shall be reduced so as to preclude their further use or restoration for military purposes.

5.

After entry into force of the Treaty, additional procedures for reduction may be proposed by any State Party. Such proposals shall be communicated to all other States Parties and shall provide the details of such procedures in the same format as the procedures set forth in this Protocol. Any such procedures shall be deemed sufficient to carry out the reduction of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty upon a decision to that effect by the Joint Consultative Group.

SECTION II. STANDARDS FOR PRESENTATION AT REDUCTION SITES

1.

Each item of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty which is to be reduced shall be presented at a reduction site. Each such item shall consist, at a minimum, of the following parts and elements:

  • (A) for battle tanks: the hull, turret and integral main armament. For the purposes of this Protocol, an integral main armament of a battle tank shall be deemed to include the gun tube, breech system, trunnions and trunnion mounts;

  • (B) for armoured combat vehicles: the hull, turret and integral main armament, if any. For the purposes of this Protocol, an integral main armament of an armoured combat vehicle shall be deemed to include the gun tube, breech system, trunnions and trunnion mounts. For the purposes of this Protocol, an integral main armament shall be deemed not to include machine guns of less than 20 millimetre calibre, all of which may be salvaged;

  • (C) for artillery: the tube, breech system, cradle including trunnions and trunnion mounts, trails, if any; or launcher tubes or launcher rails and their bases; or mortar tubes and their base plates. In the case of self-propelled pieces of artillery, the vehicle hull and turret, if any, shall also be presented;

  • (D) for combat aircraft: the fuselage; and

  • (E) for attack helicopters: the fuselage, including the transmission mounting area.

2.

In each case, the item presented at the reduction site in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Section shall consist of a complete assembly.

3.

Parts and elements of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty not specified in paragraph 1 of this Section, as well as parts and elements which are not affected by reduction under the procedures of this Protocol, including the turrets of armoured personnel carriers equipped only with machine guns, may be disposed of as the State Party undertaking the reduction decides.

SECTION III. PROCEDURES FOR REDUCTION OF BATTLE TANKS BY DESTRUCTION

1.

Each State Party shall have the right to choose any one of the following sets of procedures each time it carries out the destruction of battle tanks at reduction sites.

2.

Procedure for destruction by severing:

  • (A) removal of special equipment from the chassis, including detachable equipment, that ensures the operation of on-board armament systems;

  • (B) removal of the turret, if any;

  • (C) for the gun breech system, either:

    • (1) welding the breech block to the breech ring in at least two places; or

    • (2) cutting of at least one side of the breech ring along the long axis of the cavity that receives the breech block;

  • (D) severing of the gun tube into two parts at a distance of no more than 100 millimetres from the breech ring;

  • (E) severing of either of the gun trunnions and its trunnion mount in the turret;

  • (F) severing of two sections from the perimeter of the hull turret aperture, each constituting a portion of a sector with an angle of no less than 60 degrees and, at a minimum, 200 millimetres in radial axis, centred on the longitudinal axis of the vehicle; and

  • (G) severing of sections from both sides of the hull which include the final drive apertures, by vertical and horizontal cuts in the side plates and diagonal cuts in the deck or belly plates and front or rear plates, so that the final drive apertures are contained in the severed portions.

3.

Procedure for destruction by explosive demolition:

  • (A) hull, hatches and cornerplates shall be open to maximise venting;

  • (B) an explosive charge shall be placed inside the gun tube where the trunnions connect to the gun mount or cradle;

  • (C) an explosive charge shall be placed on the outside of the hull between the second and third road wheels, or between the third and fourth road wheels in a six road wheel configuration, avoiding natural weaknesses such as welds or escape hatches. The charge must be located within the radius of the turret casting. A second charge shall be placed on the inside of the hull on the same side of the tank, offset and opposite to the external charge;

  • (D) an explosive charge shall be placed on the inside of the turret casting in the area of the main armament mounting; and

  • (E) all charges shall be fired simultaneously so that the main hull and turret are cracked and distorted; the breech block is stripped from the gun tube, fused or deformed; the gun tube is split or longitudinally cut; the gun mount or cradle is ruptured so as to be unable to mount a gun tube; and damage is caused to the running gear so that at least one of the road wheel stations is destroyed.

4.

Procedure for destruction by deformation:

  • (A) removal of special equipment from the chassis, including detachable equipment, that ensures the operation of on-board armament systems;

  • (B) removal of the turret, if any;

  • (C) for the gun breech system, either:

    • (1) welding the breech block to the breech ring in at least two places; or

    • (2) cutting of at least one side of the breech ring along the long axis of the cavity that receives the breech block;

  • (D) severing of the gun tube into two parts at a distance of no more than 100 millimetres from the breech ring;

  • (E) severing of either of the gun trunnions; and

  • (F) the hull and turret shall be deformed so that their widths are each reduced by at least 20 percent.

5.

Procedure for destruction by smashing:

  • (A) a heavy steel wrecking ball, or the equivalent, shall be dropped repeatedly onto the hull and turret until the hull is cracked in at least three separate places and the turret in at least one place;

  • (B) the hits of the ball on the turret shall render either of the gun trunnions and its trunnion mount inoperative, and deform visibly the breech ring; and

  • (C) the gun tube shall be visibly cracked or bent.

SECTION IV. PROCEDURES FOR THE REDUCTION OF ARMOURED COMBAT VEHICLES BY DESTRUCTION

1.

Each State Party shall have the right to choose any of the following sets of procedures each time it carries out the destruction of armoured combat vehicles at reduction sites.

2.

Procedure for destruction by severing:

  • (A) for all armoured combat vehicles, removal of special equipment from the chassis, including detachable equipment, that ensures the operation of on-board armament systems;

  • (B) for tracked armoured combat vehicles, severing of sections from both sides of the hull which include the final drive apertures, by vertical and horizontal cuts in the side plates and diagonal cuts in the deck or belly plates and front or rear plates, so that the final drive apertures are contained in the severed portions;

  • (C) for wheeled armoured combat vehicles, severing of sections from both sides of the hull which include the front wheel final gearbox mounting areas by vertical, horizontal and irregular cuts in the side, front, deck and belly plates so that the front wheel final gearbox mounting areas are included in the severed portions at a distance of no less than 100 millimetres from the cuts; and

  • (D) in addition, for armoured infantry fighting vehicles and heavy armament combat vehicles:

    • (1) removal of the turret;

    • (2) severing of either of the gun trunnions and its trunnion mount in the turret;

    • (3) for the gun breech system:

      • (a) welding the breech block to the breech ring in at least two places;

      • (b) cutting of at least one side of the breech ring along the long axis of the cavity that receives the breech block; or

      • (c) severing of the breech casing into two approximately equal parts;

    • (4) severing of the gun tube into two parts at a distance of no more than 100 millimetres from the breech ring; and

    • (5) severing of two sections from the perimeter of the hull turret aperture, each constituting a portion of a sector with an angle of no less than 60 degrees and, at a minimum, 200 millimetres in radial axis, centred on the longitudinal axis of the vehicle.

3.

Procedure for destruction by explosive demolition:

  • (A) an explosive charge shall be placed on the interior floor at the mid-point of the vehicle;

  • (B) a second explosive charge shall be placed as follows:

    • (1) for heavy armament combat vehicles, inside the gun where the trunnions connect to the gun mount or cradle;

    • (2) for armoured infantry fighting vehicles, on the exterior of the receiver/breech area and lower barrel group;

  • (C) all hatches shall be secured; and

  • (D) the charges shall be detonated simultaneously so as to split the sides and top of the hull. For heavy armament combat vehicles and armoured infantry fighting vehicles, damage to the gun system shall be equivalent to that specified in paragraph 2, subparagraph (D) of this Section.

4.

Procedure for destruction by smashing:

  • (A) a heavy steel wrecking ball, or the equivalent, shall be dropped repeatedly onto the hull and the turret, if any, until the hull is cracked in at least three separate places and the turret, if any, in one place;

  • (B) in addition, for heavy armament combat vehicles:

    • (1) the hits of the ball on the turret shall render either of the gun trunnions and its trunnion mount inoperative, and shall deform visibly the breech ring; and

    • (2) the gun tube shall be visibly cracked or bent.

SECTION V. PROCEDURES FOR THE REDUCTION OF ARTILLERY BY DESTRUCTION

1.

Each State Party shall have the right to choose any one of the following sets of procedures each time it carries out the destruction of guns, howitzers, artillery pieces combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers, multiple launch rocket systems or mortars at reduction sites.

2.

Procedure for destruction by severing of guns, howitzers, artille ry pieces combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers, or mortars, that are not self-propelled:

  • (A) removal of special equipment, including detachable equipment, that ensures the operation of the gun, howitzer, artillery piece combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers or mortar;

  • (B) for the breech system, if any, of the gun, howitzer, artillery piece combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers or mortar, either:

    • (1) welding the breech block to the breech ring in at least two places; or

    • (2) cutting of at least one side of the breech ring along the long axis of the cavity that receives the breech block;

  • (C) severing of the tube into two parts at a distance of no more than 100 millimetres from the breech ring;

  • (D) severing of the left trunnion of the cradle and the mounting area of that trunnion in the upper carriage; and

  • (E) severing of the trails, or the base plate of the mortar, into two approximately equal parts.

3.

Procedure for destruction by explosive demolition of guns, howitzers, or artillery pieces combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers that are not self-propelled:

  • (A) explosive charges shall be placed in the tube, on one cradle mount in the upper carriage and on the trails, and detonated so that:

    • (1) the tube is split or longitudinally torn within 1.5 metres of the breech;

    • (2) the breech block is torn off, deformed or partially melted;

    • (3) the attachments between the tube and the breech ring and between one of the trunnions of the cradle and the upper carriage are destroyed or sufficiently damaged to make them further inoperative; and

    • (4) the trails are separated into two approximately equal parts or sufficiently damaged to make them further inoperative.

4.

Procedure for destruction by explosive demolition of mortars that are not self-propelled:

explosive charges shall be placed in the mortar tube and on the base plate so that, when the charges are detonated, the mortar tube is ruptured in its lower half and the base plate is severed into two approximately equal parts.

5.

Procedure for destruction by deformation of mortars that are not self-propelled:

  • (A) the mortar tube shall be visibly bent approximately at its mid-point; and

  • (B) the base plate shall be bent approximately on the centreline at an angle of at least 45 degrees.

6.

Procedure for destruction by severing of self-propelled guns,howitzers, artillery pieces combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers or mortars:

  • (A) removal of special equipment, including detachable equipment, that ensures the operation of the gun, howitzer, artillery piece combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers or mortar;

  • (B) for the breech system, if any, of the gun, howitzer, artillery piece combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers or mortar, either:

    • (1) welding the breech block to the breech ring in at least two places; or

    • (2) cutting of at least one side of the breech ring along the long axis of the cavity that receives the breech block;

  • (C) severing of the tube into two parts at a distance of no more than 100 millimetres from the breech ring;

  • (D) severing of the left trunnion and trunnion mount; and

  • (E) severing of sections of both sides from the hull which include the final drive apertures, by vertical and horizontal cuts in the side plates and diagonal cuts in the deck or belly plates and front or rear plates, so that the final drive apertures are contained in the severed portions.

7.

Procedure for destruction by explosive demolition of self-propelled guns, howitzers, artillery pieces combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers or mortars:

  • (A) for self-propelled guns, howitzers, artillery pieces combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers or mortars with a turret: the method specified for battle tanks in Section III, paragraph 3 of this Protocol shall be applied in order to achieve results equivalent to those specified in that provision; and

  • (B) for self-propelled guns, howitzers, artillery pieces combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers or mortars without a turret: an explosive charge shall be placed in the hull under the forward edge of the traversing deck that supports the tube, and detonated so as to separate the deck plate from the hull. For the destruction of the weapon system, the method specified for guns, howitzers, or artillery pieces combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers in paragraph 3 of this Section shall be applied in order to achieve results equivalent to those specified in that provision.

8.

Procedure for destruction by smashing of self-propelled guns, howitzers, artillery pieces combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers or mortars:

  • (A) a heavy steel wrecking ball, or the equivalent, shall be dropped repeatedly onto the hull and turret, if any, until the hull is cracked in at least three separate places and the turret in at least one place;

  • (B) the hits of the ball on the turret shall render either of the trunnions and its trunnion mount inoperative, and deform visibly the breech ring; and

  • (C) the tube shall be visibly cracked or bent at approximately its mid-point.

9.

Procedure for destruction by severing of multiple launch rocket systems:

  • (A) removal of special equipment from the multiple launch rocket system, including detachable equipment, that ensures the operation of its combat systems; and

  • (B) removal of tubes or launch rails, screws (gears) of elevation mechanism sectors, tube bases or launch rail bases and their rotatable parts and severing them into two approximately equal parts in areas that are not assembly joints.

10.

Procedure for destruction by explosive demolition of multiple launch rocket systems:

a linear shaped charge shall be placed across the tubes or launcher rails, and tube or launcher rail bases. When detonated, the charge shall sever the tubes or launcher rails, tube or launcher rail bases and their rotatable parts, into two approximately equal parts in areas that are not assembly joints.

11.

Procedure for destruction by deformation of multiple launch rocket systems:

all tubes or launcher rails, tube or launcher rail bases and the sighting system shall be visibly bent at approximately the mid-point.

SECTION VI. PROCEDURES FOR THE REDUCTION OF COMBAT AIRCRAFT BY DESTRUCTION

1.

Each State Party shall have the right to choose any one of the following sets of procedures each time it carries out the destruction of combat aircraft at reduction sites.

2.

Procedure for destruction by severing:

the fuselage of the aircraft shall be divided into three parts not on assembly joints by severing its nose immediately forward of the cockpit and its tail in the central wing section area so that assembly joints, if there are any in the areas to be severed, shall be contained in the severed portions.

3.

Procedure for destruction by deformation:

the fuselage shall be deformed throughout by compression, so that its height, width or length is reduced by at least 30 percent.

4.

Procedure for destruction by use as target drones:

  • (A) each State Party shall have the right to reduce by use as target drones no more than 200 combat aircraft during the 40-month reduction period;

  • (B) the target drone shall be destroyed in flight by munitions fired by the armed forces of the State Party owning the target drone;

  • (C) if the attempt to shoot down the target drone fails and it is subsequently destroyed by a self-destruct mechanism, the procedures of this paragraph shall continue to apply. Otherwise the target drone may be recovered or may be claimed destroyed by accident in accordance with Section IX of this Protocol, depending on the circumstances; and

  • (D) notification of destruction shall be made to all other States Parties. Such notification shall include the type of the destroyed target drone and the location where it was destroyed. Within 90 days of the notification, the State Party claiming such reduction shall send documentary evidence, such as a report of the investigation, to all other States Parties. In the event of ambiguities relating to the destruction of a particular target drone, reduction shall not be considered complete until final resolution of the matter.

SECTION VII. PROCEDURES FOR THE REDUCTION OF ATTACK HELICOPTERS BY DESTRUCTION

1.

Each State Party shall have the right to choose any one of the following sets of procedures each time it carries out the destruction of attack helicopters at reduction sites.

2.

Procedure for destruction by severing:

  • (A) the tail boom or tail part shall be severed from the fuselage so that the assembly joint is contained in the severed portion; and

  • (B) at least two transmission mounts on the fuselage shall be severed, fused or deformed.

3.

Procedure for destruction by explosive demolition:

any type and number of explosives may be used so that, at a minimum, after detonation the fuselage is cut into two pieces through that section of the fuselage that contains the transmission mounting area.

4.

Procedure for destruction by deformation:

the fuselage shall be deformed throughout by compression so that its height, width or length is reduced by at least 30 percent.

SECTION VIII. RULES AND PROCEDURES FOR REDUCTION OF CONVENTIONAL ARMAMENTS AND EQUIPMENT LIMITED BY THE TREATY BY CONVERSION FOR NON-MILITARY PURPOSES

1.

Each State Party shall have the right to reduce a certain number of battle tanks and armoured combat vehicles by conversion. The types of vehicles that may be converted are listed in paragraph 3 of this Section and the specific non-military purposes for which they may be converted are listed in paragraph 4 of this Section. Converted vehicles shall not be placed in service with the conventional armed forces of a State Party.

2.

Each State Party shall determine the number of battle tanks and armoured combat vehicles it will convert. This number shall not exceed:

  • (A) for battle tanks, 5.7 percent (not to exceed 750 battle tanks) of the maximum level for holdings of battle tanks it notified at the signature of the Treaty pursuant to Article VII of the Treaty, or 150 items whichever is the greater; and

  • (B) for armoured combat vehicles, 15 percent (not to exceed 3,000 armoured combat vehicles) of the maximum level for holdings of armoured combat vehicles it notified at the signature of the Treaty pursuant to Article VII of the Treaty, or 150 items whichever is the greater.

3.

The following vehicles may be converted for non-military purposes: T-54, T-55, T-62, T-64, T-72, Leopard 1, BMP-1, BTR-60, OT-64. The States Parties, within the framework of the Joint Consultative Group, may make changes to the list of vehicles which may be converted to non-military purposes. Such changes, pursuant to Article XVI, paragraph 5 of the Treaty shall be deemed improvements to the viability and effectiveness of the Treaty relating only to minor matters of a technical nature.

4.

Such vehicles shall be converted for the following specific non-military purposes:

  • (A) general purpose prime movers;

  • (B) bulldozers;

  • (C) fire fighting vehicles;

  • (D) cranes;

  • (E) power unit vehicles;

  • (F) mineral fine crushing vehicles;

  • (G) quarry vehicles;

  • (H) rescue vehicles;

  • (I) casualty evacuation vehicles;

  • (J) transportation vehicles;

  • (K) oil rig vehicles;

  • (L) oil and chemical product spill cleaning vehicles;

  • (M) tracked ice breaking prime movers;

  • (N) environmental vehicles.

The States Parties, within the framework of the Joint Consultative Group, may make changes to the list of specific non-military purposes. Such changes, pursuant to Article XVI, paragraph 5 of the Treaty shall be deemed improvements to the viability and effectiveness of the Treaty relating only to minor matters of a technical nature.

5.

On entry into force of the Treaty, each State Party shall notify to all other States Parties the number of battle tanks and armoured combat vehicles that it plans to convert in accordance with the provisions of the Treaty. Notification of a State Party's intention to carry out conversion in accordance with this Section shall be given to all other States Parties at least 15 days in advance in accordance with Section X, paragraph 5 of the Protocol on Inspection. It shall specify the number and types of vehicles to be converted, the starting date and completion date of conversion, as well as the specific non-military purpose vehicles to emerge after conversion.

6.

The following procedures shall be carried out before conversion of battle tanks and armoured combat vehicles at reduction sites:

  • (A) for battle tanks:

    • (1) removal of special equipment from the chassis, including detachable equipment, that ensures the operation of on-board armament systems;

    • (2) removal of the turret, if any;

    • (3) for the gun breech system, either:

      • (a) welding the breech block to the breech ring in at least two places; or

      • (b) cutting of at least one side of the breech ring along the long axis of the cavity that receives the breech block;

    • (4) severing of the gun tube into two parts at a distance of no more than 100 millimetres from the breech ring;

    • (5) severing of either of the gun trunnions and its trunnion mount in the turret; and

    • (6) cutting out and removal of a portion of the hull top armour beginning from the front glacis to the middle of the hull turret aperture, together with the associated portions of the side armour at a height of no less than 200 millimetres (for the T-64 and T-72, no less than 100 millimetres) below the level of the hull top armour, as well as the associated portion of the front glacis plate severed at the same height. The severed portion of this front glacis plate shall consist of no less than the upper third; and

  • (B) for armoured combat vehicles:

    • (1) forall armoured combat vehicles, removal of special equipment from the chassis, including detachable equipment, that ensures the operation of on-board armament systems;

    • (2) for rear-engined vehicles, cutting out and removal of a portion of the hull top armour from the front glacis to the bulkhead of the engine-transmission compartment, together with the associated portions of the side and front armour at a height of no less than 300 millimetres below the level of the top of the assault crew compartment;

    • (3) for front-engined vehicles, cutting out and removal of a portion of the hull top armour plate from the bulkhead of the engine-transmission compartment to the rear of the vehicle, together with the associated portions of the side armour at a height of no less than 300 millimetres below the level of the top of the assault crew compartment; and

    • (4) in addition, for armoured infantry fighting vehicles and heavy armament combat vehicles:

      • (a) removal of the turret;

      • (b) severing of either of the gun trunnions and its trunnion mount in the turret;

      • (c) forthe gun breech system:

        • (i) welding the breech block to the breech ring in at least two places;

        • (ii) cutting of at least one side of the breech ring along the long axis of the cavity that receives the breech block; or

        • (iii) severing of the breech casing into two approximately equal parts; and

      • (d) severing of the gun tube into two parts at a distance of no more than 100 millimetres from the breech ring.

7.

Battle tanks and armoured combat vehicles being reduced pursuant to paragraph 6 of this Section shall be subject to inspection, without right of refusal, in accordance with Section X of the Protocol on Inspection. Battle tanks and armoured combat vehicles shall be deemed reduced upon completion of the procedures specified in paragraph 6 of this Section and notification in accordance with Section X of the Protocol on Inspection.

8.

Vehicles reduced pursuant to paragraph 7 of this Section shall remain subject to notification pursuant to Section IV of the Protocol on Information Exchange until final conversion for non-military purposes has been completed and notification has been made in accordance with Section X, paragraph 12 of the Protocol on Inspection.

9.

Vehicles undergoing final conversion for non-military purposes shall also be subject to inspection in accordance with Section X of the Protocol on Inspection, with the following changes:

  • (A) the process of final conversion at a reduction site shall not be subject to inspection; and

  • (B) all other States Parties shall have the right to inspect fully converted vehicles, without right of refusal, upon receipt of a notification from the State Party conducting final conversion specifying when final conversion procedures will be completed.

10.

If, having completed the procedures specified in paragraph 6 of this Section on a given vehicle, it is decided not to proceed with final conversion, then the vehicle shall be destroyed within the time limits for conversion set forth in Article VIII of the Treaty in accordance with the appropriate procedures set forth elsewhere in this Protocol.

SECTION IX. PROCEDURE IN THE EVENT OF DESTRUCTION BY ACCIDENT

1.

Each State Party shall have the right to reduce its reduction liability for each category of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty in the event of destruction by accident by an amount no greater than 1.5 percent of the maximum levels for holdings it notified at the signature of the Treaty for that category.

2.

An item of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty shall be deemed reduced, in accordance with Article VIII of the Treaty, if the accident in which it was destroyed is notified to all other States Parties within seven days of its occurrence. Notification shall include the type of the destroyed item, the date of the accident, the approximate location of the accident and the circumstances related to the accident.

3.

Within 90 days of the notification, the State Party claiming such reduction shall provide documentary evidence, such as a report of the investigation, to all other States Parties in accordance with Article XVII of the Treaty. In the event of ambiguities relating to the accident, such reduction shall not be considered complete until final resolution of the matter.

SECTION X. PROCEDURE FOR REDUCTION BY MEANS OF STATIC DISPLAY

1.

Each State Party shall have the right to reduce by means of static display a certain number of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty.

2.

No State Party shall use static display to reduce more than one percent or eight items, whichever is the greater number, of its maximum levels for holdings it declared at the signature of the Treaty for each category of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty.

3.

Notwithstanding paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Section, each State Party also shall have the right to retain in working order two items of each existing type of conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty for the purpose of static display. Such conventional armaments and equipment shall be displayed at museums or other similar sites.

4.

Conventional armaments and equipment placed on static display or in museums prior to the signature of the Treaty shall not be subject to any numerical limitations set forth in the Treaty, including the numerical limitations set forth in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Section.

5.

Such items to be reduced by means of static display shall undergo the following procedures at reduction sites:

  • (A) all items to be displayed that are powered by self-contained engines shall have their fuel tanks rendered incapable of holding fuel and:

    • (1) have their engine(s) and transmission removed and their mounts damaged so that these pieces cannot be refitted; or

    • (2) have their engine compartment filled with concrete or a polymer resin;

  • (B) all items to be displayed equipped with 75 millimetre or larger guns with permanently fixed elevation and traversing mechanisms shall have their elevation and traversing mechanisms welded so that the tube can be neither traversed nor elevated. In addition, those items to be displayed which use pinion and rack or pinion and ring mechanisms for traversing or elevating shall have three consecutive gear teeth cut offfrom the rack or ring on each side of the pinion of the gun tube;

  • (C) all items to be displayed which are equipped with weapon systems that do not meet the criteria set forth in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph shall have their barrel and receiver group filled with either concrete or a polymer resin, beginning at the face of the bolt/breech and ending within 100 millimetres of the muzzle.

SECTION XI. PROCEDURE FOR REDUCTION BY USE AS GROUND TARGETS

1.

Each State Party shall have the right to reduce by use as ground targets a certain number of battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and self-propelled pieces of artillery.

2.

No State Party shall reduce by use as ground targets numbers of battle tanks or armoured combat vehicles greater than 2.5 percent of its maximum level for holdings in each of those two categories as notified at the signature of the Treaty pursuant to Article VII of the Treaty. In addition, no State Party shall have the right to reduce by use as ground targets more than 50 self-propelled pieces of artillery.

3.

Conventional armaments and equipment in use as ground targets prior to the signature of the Treaty shall not be subject to any numerical limitations set forth in Articles IV, V or VI of the Treaty, or to the numerical limitations set forth in paragraph 2 of this Section.

4.

Such items to be reduced by use as ground targets shall undergo the following procedures at reduction sites:

  • (A) for battle tanks and self-propelled pieces of artillery:

    • (1) for the breech system, either:

      • (a) welding the breech block to the breech ring in at least two places; or

      • (b) cutting of at least one side of the breech ring along the long axis of the cavity that receives the breech block;

    • (2) severing of either of the trunnions and its trunnion mount in the turret; and

    • (3) severing of sections from both sides of the hull which include the final drive apertures, by vertical and horizontal cuts in the side plates and diagonal cuts in the deck or belly plates and front or rear plates, such that the final drive apertures are contained in the severed portions; and

  • (B) for armoured combat vehicles:

    • (1) for the gun breech system:

      • (a) welding the breech block to the breech ring in at least two places;

      • (b) cutting of at least one side of the breech ring along the axis of the cavity that receives the breech block; or

      • (c) severing of the breech casing into two approximately equal parts;

    • (2) severing of either of the gun trunnions and its trunnion mount in the turret;

    • (3) for tracked armoured combat vehicles, severing of sections from both sides of the hull which include the final drive apertures, by vertical and horizontal cuts in the side plates and diagonal cuts in the deck or belly plates and front or rear plates, so that the final drive apertures are contained in the severed portions; and

    • (4) for wheeled armoured combat vehicles, severing of sections from both sides of the hull which include the front wheel final gearbox mounting areas by vertical, horizontal and irregular cuts in the side, front, deck and belly plates so that the front wheel final gear box mounting areas are included in the severed portions at a distance of no less than 100 millimetres from the cuts.

SECTION XII. PROCEDURE FOR REDUCTION BY USE FOR GROUND INSTRUCTIONAL PURPOSES