Convention fixing the minimum age for the admission of children to employment at sea (revised 1936).
The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation,
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, and having met in its Twenty-second Session on 22 October 1936, and
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to the partial revision of the Convention fixing the minimum age for admission of children to employment at sea adopted by the Conference at its Second Session, the question forming the Agenda of the present Session, and
Considering that these proposals must take the form of an International Convention,
adopts, this twenty-fourth day of October of the year one thousand nine hundred and thirty-six, the following Convention which may be cited as the Minimum Age (Sea) Convention (Revised), 1936:
For the purpose of this Convention, the term „vessel” includes all ships and boats, of any nature whatsoever, engaged in maritime navigation, whether publicly or privately owned; it excludes ships of war.
2 Provided that national laws or regulations may provide for the issue in respect of children of not less than fourteen years of age of certificates permitting them to be employed in cases in which an educational or other appropriate authority designated by such laws or regulations is satisfied, after having due regard to the health and physical condition of the child and to the prospective as well as to the immediate benefit to the child of the employment proposed, that such employment will be beneficial to the child.
The provisions of Article 2 shall not apply to work done by children on schoolships or training-ships, provided that such work is approved and supervised by public authority.
In order to facilitate the enforcement of the provisions of this Convention, every shipmaster shall be required to keep a register of all persons under the age of sixteen years employed on board his vessel, or a list of them in the articles of agreement, and of the dates of their births.
This Convention shall not come into force until after the adoption by the International Labour Conference of a Convention revising the Convention fixing the minimum age for admission of children to industrial employment, 1919, and a Convention revising the Convention concerning the age for admission of children to non-industrial employment, 1932.
The formal ratifications of this Convention shall be communicated to the Director-General of the International Labour Office for registration.
As soon as the ratifications of two Members of the International Labour Organisation have been registered, the Director-General of the International Labour Office shall so notify all the Members of the International Labour Organisation. He shall likewise notify them of the registration of ratifications which may be communicated subsequently by other Members of the Organisation.
1 A Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it after the expiration of ten years from the date on which the Convention first comes into force, by an act communicated to the Director-General of the International Labour Office for registration. Such denunciation shall not take effect until one year after the date on which it is registered.
2 Each Member which has ratified this Convention and which does not, within the year following the expiration of the period of ten years mentioned in the preceeding paragraph, exercise the right of denunciation provided for in this Article, will be bound for another period of ten years and, thereafter, may denounce this Convention at the expiration of each period of ten years under the terms provided for in this Article.
At such times as it may consider necessary the Governing Body of the International Labour Office shall present to the General Conference a report on the working of this Convention and shall examine the desirability of placing on the agenda of the Conference the question of its revision in whole or in part.
1 Should the Conference adopt a new Convention revising this Convention in whole or in part, then, unless the new Convention otherwise provides,
(a) the ratification by a Member of the new revising Convention shall ipso jure involve the immediate denunciation of this Convention, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 9 above, if and when the new revising Convention shall have come into force;
(b) as from the date when the new revising Convention comes into force this Convention shall cease to be open to ratification by the Members.
This Convention shall in any case remain in force in its actual form and content for those Members which have ratified it but have not ratified the revising Convention.
The French and English texts of this Convention shall both be authentic.