A. GENERAL PROVISIONS
3 The authorised veterinary officer shall issue a certificate which identifies the animals, states that they are fit for transportation, and, where possible, records the registration number of the means of transport and the type of vehicle used.
Animals likely to give birth during carriage or having given birth during the preceding 48 hours shall not be considered fit for transportation.
The authorised veterinary officer of the exporting country, country of transit, or importing country may prescribe a period of rest, at a place determined by him, during which the animals shall receive the necessary care.
3 Containers in which animals are transported shall be marked with a symbol indicating the presence of live animals and a sign indicating the upright position. Containers shall be easy to clean, escape-proof and shall be so constructed as to ensure the safety of the animals. Containers shall also allow for the inspection and care of the animals and shall be stowed in a way which does not interfere with ventilation. During transport and handling, containers shall always be kept upright and shall not be exposed to severe jolts or shaking.
4 During transport animals shall be offered water and appropriate food at suitable intervals. Animals shall not be left more than 24 hours without being fed and watered. This period may, however, be extended if the journey to the destination where the animals are unloaded can be completed within a reasonable period.
6 When animals are tied the ropes or other attachments used shall be strong enough not to break during the transport under normal conditions, and long enough to allow the animals, if necessary, to lie down and to eat and drink. Bovines shall not be tied by the horns.
1 When animals of various species travel in the same truck, vehicle, vessel, or aircraft, they shall be segregated according to species. Furthermore special measures shall be taken to avoid adverse reactions which might result from the transport in the same consignment of species naturally hostile to each other. When animals of different ages are carried in the same truck, vehicle, vessel, or aircraft, adult and young animals shall be kept separate; this restriction shall not, however, apply to females travelling with their young which they suckle. With regard to bovine, soliped and porcine animals, mature uncastrated males shall be separated from females. Adult boars shall also be separated from each other; this shall also apply to stallions.
Suitable equipment for loading and unloading of animals such as bridges, ramps, or gangways shall be used. The flooring of this equipment shall be constructed so as to prevent slipping, and the equipment shall be provided with lateral protection if necessary. Animals shall not be lifted by the head, horns, or legs during loading or unloading.
The floor of trucks, vehicles, vessels, aircraft, or containers shall be sufficiently strong to bear the weight of the animals being transported, close-boarded, and so constructed as to prevent slipping. The floor shall be covered with an adequate amount of litter to absorb excrements unless these can be dealt with in a different way presenting at least the same advantages.
In order to ensure the necessary care of the animals during transport, consignments of livestock shall be accompanied by an attendant, except in the following cases:
(a) where livestock is consigned in containers which are secured;
(b) where the transporter undertakes to assume the functions of the attendant;
(c) where the sender has appointed an agent to care for the animals at appropriate staging points.
1 The attendant or sender's agent shall look after the animals, feed and water them, and, if necessary, milk them.
3 To enable the attendant to provide this care, he shall, if necessary, have available a suitable means of lighting.
Animals which become ill or injured during transport shall receive veterinary attention as soon as possible, and if necessary be slaughtered in a way which avoids unnecessary suffering.
Animals shall only be loaded into trucks, vehicles, vessels, aircraft, or containers which have been thoroughly cleaned. Dead animals, litter and excrements shall be removed as soon as possible.
Animals shall be transported to their destination as soon as possible, and delays, particularly in transhipment and marshalling yards, shall be reduced to a minimum.
In order that importation and transit formalities may be completed as quickly as possible, consignments of animals shall be notified as early as possible to control posts. In such formalities priority should be given to consignments of animals.
At posts where sanitary control is exercised and animals in significant numbers are regularly transported, facilities shall be provided for resting, feeding and watering.
B. SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR TRANSPORT BY RAILWAY
Any railway truck in which animals are transported shall be marked with a symbol for the living animal. If no trucks particularly adapted for transport of animals are obtainable, animals shall be carried in covered trucks which are capable of travelling at high speed and are provided with sufficiently large air vents. They shall be constructed so as to prevent animals from escaping and ensure their safety. The interior sides of the trucks shall be of wood or other suitable material completely smooth and fitted with rings or bars at suitable height to which the animals may be attached.
Solipeds shall be tied in such a way that they are all facing the same side of the vehicle or tied facing each other. However, young unbroken animals shall not be tied.
Large animals shall be loaded in such a way as to allow an attendant to move between them.
When, in accordance with the provisions of Article 7, the separation of animals is required, this may be effected either by tying them in separate parts of the truck, if its space permits, or by means of suitable partitions.
When assembling trains and during all other movement of trucks all precautions shall be taken to avoid violent jolting of trucks containing animals.
C. SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR TRANSPORT BY ROAD
Vehicles shall be escape-proof and so constructed as to ensure the safety of the animals and shall also be equipped with a roof which ensures effective protection against the weather.
Tying facilities shall be provided in vehicles carrying large animals which normally require to be tied. When vehicles are required to be sub-divided, the partitions shall be of rigid construction.
Vehicles shall carry a ramp complying with the requirements of Article 8.
D. SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR TRANSPORT BY WATER
The fittings of vessels shall be such that animals can be transported without injury and unnecessary suffering.
Animals shall not be transported on open decks unless in adequately secured containers or substantial structures, approved by the competent authority and giving adequate protection against sea and weather.
Animals shall be tied or properly accommodated in pens or containers.
There shall be adequate passageways having access to all pens or containers accommodating animals. Lighting facilities shall be available.
A sufficient number of attendants shall be provided taking into account the number of animals transported and the duration of the voyage.
All parts of the vessel where animals are accommodated shall be provided with drainage and shall be kept in a sanitary condition.
A type of instrument approved by the competent authority shall be carried for killing animals if necessary.
Vessels used for the transport of animals shall, before sailing, be provisioned with such supplies of drinking water and appropriate foodstuffs as shall be considered sufficient by the competent authority of the sending country, having regard to species and number of animals being transported as well as to the duration of the voyage.
Provisions shall be made for isolating ill or injured animals during the voyage and first-aid treatment rendered when necessary.
The provisions of Articles 25 to 33 shall not apply to the transport of animals loaded in railway trucks or road vehicles on board ferry boats or similar vessels.
E. SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR TRANSPORT BY AIR
Animals shall be transported in containers or stalls appropriate for the species. Some modifications of these requirements may be permitted if appropriate arrangements are made for restraining the animals.
Precautions shall be taken to avoid extremely high or low temperatures on board, having regard to the species of animals. In addition, severe fluctuations of air pressure shall be avoided.
In freight aircraft a type of instrument approved by the competent authority shall be carried for killing animals if necessary.