1. The General Assembly of the United Nations, by resolution 1450 (XIV) of 7 December 1959, decided to convene an international conference of plenipotentiaries to consider the question of diplomatic intercourse and immunities and to embody the results of its work in an international convention, together with such ancillary instruments as might be necessary. The General Assembly, accepting an invitation extended by the Federal Government of Austria, also asked the Secretary-General to convoke the conference at Vienna not later than the spring of 1961.
2. The United Nations Conference on Diplomatic Intercourse and Immunities met at the Neue Hofburg in Vienna, Austria, from 2 March to 14 April 1961.
3. The Governments of the following eighty-one States were represented at the Conference: Albania, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burma, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Cambodia, Canada, Central African Republic, Ceylon, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo (Leopoldville), Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Federal Republic of Germany, Federation of Malaya, Finland, France, Ghana, Greece, Guatamala, Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Viet Nam, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Tunesia, Turkey, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Union of South Africa, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, United Arab Republic, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia.
4. At the invitation of the General Assembly, the following specialized agencies were represented by observers at the Conference:
International Labour Organisation;
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations;
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
5. At the invitation of the General Assembly, the International Atomic Energy Agency and the following intergovernmental organizations were also represented by observers at the Conference:
6. The Conference elected Mr. Alfred Verdross (Austria) as President.
7. The Conference elected as Vice-Presidents the representatives of the following participating States: Argentina, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czechoslovakia, France, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Liberia, Mexico, Nigeria, Philippines, Romania, Spain, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Yugoslavia.
8. The following committees were set up by the Conference:
Committee of the Whole
Mr. Geraldo Eulalio Nascimento Silva (Brazil)
Mr. Hu Ching-Yu (China)
Mr. Jacques Patey (France)
Mr. E. K. Dadzie (Ghana)
Mr. Endre Ustor (Hungary)
Mr. Alfonso de Rosenzweig Diaz (Mexico)
Mr. Rudolf L. Bindschedler (Switzerland)
Mr. G. I. Tunkin (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)
Mr. Abdullah El-Erian (United Arab Republic)
Mr. F. A. Vallat (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
Mr. Warde M. Cameron (United States of America)
Credentials Committee Members:
Australia, El Salvador, Haiti, Mali, Philippines, Spain, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, United Arab Republic, United States of America.
9. The Committee of the Whole set up the following sub-committee:
Sub-Committee on Special Missions
Ecuador, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Senegal, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Yugoslavia.
10. The Secretary-General of the United Nations was represented by Mr. C. A. Stavropoulos, the Legal Counsel. Mr. Yuen-li Liang, Director of the Codification Division of the Office of Legal Affairs of the United Nations, was appointed Executive Secretary.
11. The General Assembly, by its resolution 1450 (XIV) convening the Conference, referred to the Conference chapter III of the Report of the International Law Commission covering the Work of its Tenth Session as the basis for its consideration of the question of diplomatic intercourse and immunities. The General Assembly, by its resolution 1504(XV) of 12 December 1960, also referred to the Conference the draft articles on special missions contained in chapter III of the Report of the International Law Commission covering the Work of its Twelfth Session, so that they might be considered together with the draft articles on diplomatic intercourse and immunities included in the Commission's report on its tenth session.
12. The Conference also had before it observations submitted by Governments on the drafts prepared by the International Law Commission during successive stages of its work, preparatory documentation prepared by the Secretariat of the United Nations, the text of the final report of the Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee on functions, privileges and immunities of diplomatic envoys or agents, adopted at the Committee's third session, and the text of the Convention regarding diplomatic officers adopted by the Sixth International American Conference and signed at Havana, 20 February 1928.
13. On the basis of the deliberations, as recorded in the records and report of the Committee of the Whole and in the records of the plenary meetings, the Conference prepared the following Convention and Protocols:
Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations;
Optional Protocol concerning Acquisition of Nationality;
Optional Protocol concerning the Compulsory Settlement of Disputes.
The foregoing Convention and Protocols, which are subject to ratification, were adopted by the Conference on 14 April 1961, and opened for signature on 18 April 1961, in accordance with their provisions, until 31 October 1961 at the Federal Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Austria and subsequently, until 31 March 1962, at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The same instruments were also opened for accession, in accordance with their provisions, and will be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
14. In addition the Conference adopted the following resolutions which are annexed to this Final Act:
Resolution on Special Missions;
Resolution on Consideration of Civil Claims;
Resolution expressing a tribute to the International Law Commission;
Resolution expressing a tribute to the Government and people of the Republic of Austria.