The Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand,
Being parties to the Convention on International Civil Aviation opened for signature at Chicago on the seventh day of December, 1944, and
Desiring to conclude an agreement, supplementary to the said Convention, for the purpose of establishing air services between and beyond their respective territories,
(2) Subject to the provisions of the present Agreement, the airlines designated by each Contracting Party shall enjoy, while operating an agreed service on a specified route, the following privileges:
(a) to fly without landing across the territory of the other Contracting Party;
(b) to make stops in the said territory for non-traffic purposes; and
(c) to make stops in the said territory at the points specified for that route in the schedule to the present Agreement for the purpose of putting down and taking on international traffic in passengers, cargo and/or mail coming from or destined for other points so specified.
(3) Nothing in paragraph (2) of this Article shall be deemed to confer on the airlines of one Contracting Party the privilege of taking up, in the territory of the other Contracting Party, passengers, cargo and/or mail carried for remuneration or hire and destined for another point in the territory of that other Contracting Party.
(2) On receipt of the designation, the other Contracting Party shall, subject to the provisions of paragraphs (3) and (4) of this Article, without delay grant to the airline or airlines designated the appropriate operating authorisation.
(3) The aeronautical authorities of one Contracting Party may require an airline designated by the other Contracting Party to satisfy them, that it is qualified to fulfil the conditions prescribed under the laws and regulations normally and reasonably applied by them in conformity with the provisions of the Convention to the operation of international commercial air services.
(5) At any time after the provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) of this Article have been complied with, an airline so designated and authorised, may begin to operate the agreed services, provided that a service shall not be operated unless a tariff established in accordance with the provisions of Article 8 of the present Agreement is in force in respect of that service.
(6) Each Contracting Party shall have the right to suspend the exercise by an airline of the privileges specified in paragraph (2) of Article 2 of the present Agreement or to impose such conditions as it may deem necessary on the exercise by an airline of those privileges in any case where the airline fails to comply with the laws or regulations pf the Contracting Party granting those privileges or otherwise fails to operate in accordance with the conditions prescribed in the present Agreement; provided that, unless immediate suspension or imposition of conditions is essential to prevent further infringements of laws or regulations, this right shall be exercised only after consultation with the other Contracting Party.
Certificates of airworthiness, certificates of competency and licenses issued or rendered valid by one Contracting Party and still in force, shall be recognized as valid by the other Contracting Party for the purpose of operating the route and services provided for in this Agreement, provided that the requirements under which such certificates or licenses were issued or rendered valid are equal to or above the minimum standards which may be established pursuant to the Convention on International Civil Aviation.
(1) Fuel, lubricating oils, spare parts, regular aircraft equipment and aircraft stores introduced into the territory of one Contracting Party, or taken on board aircraft in that territory, by or on behalf of the other Contracting Party or its designated airline and intended solely for use by or in the aircraft of that airline shall be accorded the following treatment by the first Contracting Party in respect of customs duties, inspection fees and other similar national or local duties and charges:
(a) in the case of fuel and lubricating oils remaining on board aircraft at the last airport of call before departure from the said territory, exemption; and
(b) in the case of fuel and lubricating oils not included under (a) and spare parts, regular aircraft equipment and aircraft stores, treatment not less favourable than that accorded to similar supplies introduced into the said territory, or taken on board aircraft in that territory, and intended solely for use by or in the aircraft of a national airline of the first Contracting Party, or of the most favoured foreign airline, engaged in international air services.
(2) The agreed services provided by the designated airline of each Contracting Party shall be closely related to the requirements of the public for transportation on the specified route, and each shall have as its primary objective the provision of capacity adequate to meet the demands to carry passengers, cargo and mail embarked or disembarked in the territory of the Contracting Party which has designated the airline.
(4) The capacity, namely frequency and type of aircraft, to be provided at the outset as well as the question of traffic rights shall be agreed between both Contracting Parties before the agreed services are inaugurated. Thereafter, the capacity to be provided and the question of traffic rights shall be discussed from time to time between the aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Parties and any changes of modifications agreed upon shall be confirmed by an Exchange of Notes.
(5) As long in advance as practicable, but not less than thirty days, before the introduction of an agreed service or any modification thereof, or within thirty days after receipt of a request from the aeronautical authorities the designated airline of one Contracting Party shall provide to the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party information regarding the nature of service, time-tables, types of aircraft including the capacity provided on the specified route and any further information as may be required to satisfy the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party that the requirements of this Agreement are being duly observed.
There shall be a fair and equal opportunity for the designated airlines of both Contracting Parties to operate the agreed services on their respective routes.
The designated airlines of the two Contracting Parties shall enjoy the same facilities existing under the currency regulations of each Contracting Party in selling air transportation. Each Contracting Party shall grant to the designated airline of the other Contracting Party the right of free transfer of the excess of receipts over expenditure earned by that airline in the territory of the first Contracting Party in connection with the carriage of passengers, mail and cargo. Such transfer shall be at the official rate of exchange, where such a rate exists or otherwise at a rate equivalent to that at which the receipts were earned.
The designated airline of each Contracting Party shall have the rights to establish and operate branch offices with staff of its own as well as to appoint any general sales agent and ground handling agent in the territory of the other Contracting Party.
In the event that laws or regulations issued by one Contracting Party prevent the designated airlines of the other Contracting Party from enjoying any of the rights as stated above, the designated airlines of the first Contracting Party shall in reciprocity not enjoy such rights.
(1) The tariffs on any agreed service shall be established at reasonable levels, due regard being paid to all relevant factors including cost of operation, reasonable profit, characteristics of service (such as standards of speed and accommodation) and the tariffs of other airlines for any part of the specified route. These tariffs shall be fixed in accordance with the following provisions of this Article.
(2) The tariffs referred to in paragraph (1) of this Article, together with the rates of agency commission used in conjunction with them shall, if possible, be agreed in respect of each of the specified routes between the designated airlines concerned, and such agreement shall, where possible, be guided by such decisions as are applicable under the traffic conference procedure of the International Air Transport Association. The tariffs so agreed shall be subject to the approval of the aeronautical authorities of both Contracting Parties.
(3) If the designated airlines cannot agree on any of these tariffs, or if for some other reason a tariff cannot be agreed in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (2) of this Article, the aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Parties shall try to determine the tariff by agreement between themselves.
The aeronautical authorities of each Contracting Party shall supply to the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party at their request such periodic or other statements of statistics as may be reasonably required for the purpose of reviewing the capacity provided on the agreed services by the designated airline or airlines of the first Contracting Party. Such statements shall include all information required to determine the amount of traffic carried by the airline on the agreed services.
There shall be regular and frequent consultation between the aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Parties to ensure close collaboration in all matters affecting the fulfilment of the present Agreement.
(2) If the Contracting Parties fail to reach a settlement by negotiation, they may agree to refer the dispute for decision to some person or body, or the dispute may at the request of either Contracting Party be submitted for decision to a tribunal of three arbitrators, one to be nominated by each Contracting Party and the third to be appointed by the two so nominated. Each of the Contracting Parties shall nominate an arbitrator within a period of sixty days from the date of receipt by either Contracting Party from the other of a notice through the diplomatic channel requesting arbitration of the dispute, and the third arbitrator shall be appointed within a further period of thirty days. If either of the Contracting Parties fails to nominate an arbitrator within the period specified, or if the third arbitrator is not appointed within the period specified, the President of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization may be requested by either Contracting Party to appoint an arbitrator or arbitrators as the case requires. Where the President possesses the nationality of one of the two Contracting Parties of is otherwise prevented from carrying out this function, his deputy in office shall make the necessary appointments. The third arbitrator shall be a national of a third State and shall act as president of the arbitral body.
(4) If and so long as either Contracting Party or the designated airline of either Contracting Party fails to comply with a decision given under paragraph (2) of this Article, the other Contracting Party may limit, withhold or revoke any rights or privileges which it has granted by virtue of the present Agreement to the Contracting Party in default or to the designated airline in default as the case may be.
(1) If either of the Contracting Parties considers it desirable to modify any provision of the present Agreement it shall request consultation with the other Contracting Party. Such consultation, which may be conducted between the aeronautical authorities, shall begin within a period of sixty days as from the date of the request. Any modifications so agreed shall come into force when confirmed by an exchange of diplomatic notes.
Either Contracting Party may at any time give notice to the other if it desires to terminate the present Agreement. Such notice shall be simultaneously communicated to the International Civil Aviation Organisation. If such notice is given, the present Agreement shall terminate twelve months after the date of receipt of the notice by the other Contracting Party, unless the notice to terminate is withdrawn by agreement before the expiry of this period. In the absence of acknowledgment of receipt by the other Contracting Party, notice shall be deemed to have been received fourteen days after the receipt of the notice by the International Civil Aviation Organization.
The present Agreement and any exchange of diplomatic notes relative thereto shall be registered with the International Civil Aviation Organization.
The present Agreement shall be approved by each Contracting Party in compliance with its constitutional procedure and shall enter into force on the day of the exchange of diplomatic notes confirming such approval.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorised thereto by their respective Governments, have signed the present Agreement.
DONE at Bangkok on this 29th day of April B.E. 2514 (1971) in two originals.
For the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
(sd.) W. THORN LEESON
Wadim Thorn Leeson
Ambassador of the Netherlands.
For the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand.
(sd.) S. KITTIKACHORN
Pol. Maj. Gen. Sanga Kittikachorn
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs.